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الله‎ (Al•âh) Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.05.08]

Ilkunirsa
Ilkunirsa (Il Creator of earth [il-kun-irsa]), Hittite cuneiform; husband of Asherdu (A•shᵊr•âh, conflated with Ash•tōrët)

Arab An­thro­po­mor­phism — Even after filtering out overwhelming flotsam of ill-informed anti-Islamist ranters, no one questions that the name Allâh clearly pre-dates Muhammad and Islam.

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Muslims sole, linchpin apology for Allâh is: "Etymologically, the name Allâh is probably a contraction of the Arabic al-Ilâh, 'the God.' The name’s origin can be traced back to the earliest Semitic writings in which the word for 'god' was il or el, the latter being used in the Hebrew Bible…" [Technical note: in obedience to Shᵊm•ot 23.13; Dᵊvâr•im 12.3; and Yᵊho•shua 23.7, idol names are deliberately distorted in Hebrew. "Eil" is a distorted form to avoid uttering the forbidden idol name (il).]

corpse flower (Amorphophallus titanum)
Corpse flower (Amor­phophallus titanum)
il Canaanite creator idol, Megido
il — truncated to אֵל or distorted to אֱלְֹהַּ (to displace both il and its consort goddess, il•âh), to avoid uttering the name of the Kᵊna•an•im creator god; found at Mᵊgidō, or its consort goddess.

Calling a corpse flower an orchid doesn't make it an orchid; nor any less a corpse flower. Judged the most disgusting smelling flower in the world, a corpse flower, by any other name, would smell as foul.

Without the Hebrew Ta•na"kh, Islam has no documented connection to Avᵊrâ•hâm at all, nor any other basis whatsoever.

Yet, deriving Allâh from Hebrew and the Judaic Ta•na"kh is a double-edged sword. First, it acknowledges that the origin and Authority is Hebrew and Ta•na"kh, not Arabic nor the Quran. Therefore, contradicting Ta•na"kh demonstrates prima facie idolatry.

<s>il</s>
il – Ugaritic cuneiform; equates to Hebrew אֶלָה and Arabic Al•lah.

Second, the Hebrew Ta•na"kh documents that Yi•sᵊr•â•eil was repeatedly punished for dabbling in idolatry. Thus, Hebrew deific names used in Ta•na"kh cannot be simple-mindedly regurgitated carte blanche just because they are Hebrew or in Ta•na"kh. Extrication from idolatry and idolatrous names demands nanoscopic scrutiny. Each form must be carefully understood.

The Hebrew Ta•na"kh and Yi•sᵊr•â•eil obliterated and entirely removed the forbidden idol-god name (perhaps something like אֳלֹה) from our lexicon, displacing it with the abbreviated אֵל. While rabbis today use the terms אֵל and אֱלֹהִים interchangeably as substitutes for י‑‑ה, technically, they are not. As used in Ta•na"kh, these words imply, respectively: (singular) "the forbidden-name idol regarded by the goy•im as god" and (plural) "the forbidden-name idol regarded by the goy•im as the gods." In place of all [regarded as] ël•oh•im (including אֳלֹה / Allâh) [by the goy•im], the Shᵊm•a in our Hebrew Ta•na"kh teaches Yi•sᵊr•â•eil that the only Prime Cause Singularity, encompassing all of the ël•oh•im conceived by the goy•im, is י‑‑ה.

By contrast, Muhammad, contradicting Ta•na"kh, failed to completely eliminate idolatry from his Displacement Theology of Islam, retaining the complete Arabic form of the forbidden idol-god: Allâh. The Hebrew Ta•na"kh, specifically the Shᵊm•a, declares that י‑‑ה, Alone as the Sole Singularity, has, for Yi•sᵊr•â•eil, displaced all of the idolatrous ël•oh•im conceived by the goy•im lumped together—including אֳלֹה ‎ / الله‎ (Allâh)!

Since there is no credible dispute among historians that pre-Islamic Allâh had a pre-Islamic consort—Al•lat, the consort puts the lie to any and all denials that Allâh was a pre-Islamic idol!!!


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اللات‎ (Al•at, or al-ill•aht)Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.05.08]

Allaht (al-ilat)
Allaht (al-ill•aht

Arab An­thro­po­mor­phism — There is no credible dispute among historians that Allaht, fem. goddess counterpart of Al•lah; was an Arabian chief goddess of Mecca, the Arab equivalent of A•shᵊr•âh and Ash•tōrët and the pre-Islamic consort of Al•lah. This implacably precludes any argument that Al•lah was not a pre-Islamic idol!!!

While Muhammad ordered her idol and temple in Taif (100km east of Mecca) demolished in a commendable general effort to eliminate idolatry among Arabs, he salvagad her temple in Mecca—removing her idol (to his credit)—into today's Kaaba!

Allaht equates to the Hellenist Greeks' Athena (goddess of wisdom and war; daughter of Ζεύς), Hellenist Greek Aphrodite (goddess of love and sex; also a daughter of Ζεύς), equating to Ash•tōrët, as well as Hât-Hōr and Ash•tōrët.


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Amun
Amun (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]


Amun-Ra man wearing 2 ostrich plumes BCE15th Karnak relief
Click to enlargeAmun-Ra: man wearing 2 ostrich plumes; B.C.E. 15th century Karnak relief

Egyptian An­thro­po­mor­phismAmun ("invisible god"), originally depicted as a man wearing two ostrich plumes as a headdress and carrying the ankh and wass scepter.

Amun was husband of Amunet (fem. of Amun, meaning "invisible goddess"; equating to Wosret, who in turn equated, via Isis, to the Arabs' Al•lat goddess, wife of Al•lah).

Perceived by Egyptians to be the Chief God and King of Gods, Amun required men to confess their sins before praying to him; the prototype of the Hellenist Jesus.

Egyptians later syncretized Amun with Ra to become Amun-Ra, the self-created creator god – and then evolved to the head and curved horns of a ram as Ζεύς-Amun came to be identified with Ζεύς in ancient Hellenism.

Amun-Zeus-Jesus
Click to enlargeB.C.E. 5th century Hellenist Greek Amun-Ra syncretized into Ζεύς — inspiration for the 2nd-4th century C.E. Hellenist Roman syncretism into Jesus' face.

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Anubis mask
Anubis (glyph)

[Updated: 2018.02.13]



Egyptian An­thro­po­mor­phismAnubis – Due to the frequenting of wolves among the tombs, the wolf was believed to conduct the soul from the tomb to a set of judgment scales, where the heart was weighed on a scale against an ostrich feather.

Egyptian judgment Hunefer
Click to enlargeEgyptian Judgment scene from the Book of the Dead – In the leftmost of the three scenes, the deceasad is conducted into the Hall of Judgment by an Egyptian priest wearing the wolf-headed Anubis mask.

In the middle panel, Anubis weighs the heart of the deceased against an ostrich feather. A priest in an Ammut mask lurks under the right beam of the scale to devour anyone whose heart is heavier than the ostrich feather. A priest in an Ibis Tut mask records the results in a book of life and death.

Finally, the priest who wears the falcon Hōrus mask escorts the innocent deceased past Ammut, presenting the deceased to Ō•siris, seated on his throne; accompanied by the goddess sisters Isis and Nephthys. (British Museum)

Anubis Tutankhamun Tomb wall Harvard-Getty 2001
Click to enlargeEgyptian priest wear­ing Anubis mask.

By the Middle Kingdom (c BCE 2100-1750), the role of Anubis mutated to Ō•siris.


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Aten
Aten (glyph)

[Updated: 2018.01.31]


Akhenaten & Aten
Click to enlargeAkhen-Aten offering liba­tions to Aten. Disk's rays pre­sent ankhs or mummy-resurrection (reani­mation, i.e. mouth-opening) tools – not human hands, which would be in­compatibly anthropomorphic.

Egyptian An­thro­po­mor­phismAten, the solar disk, the manifestation of Ra.

"In its early stages Atenism is best described as a henotheistic religion (a religion devoted to a single god while accepting the existence of other gods) but it developed into a proto-monotheistic system. The full extent of his religious reforms were not apparent until the ninth year of his reign. As well as proclaiming the Aten the only god, he banned the use of idols with the exception of a rayed solar disc. He also made it clear that the image of the Aten only represented the god, but that the god transcended creation and so could not be fully understood or represented. This aspect of his faith bears a notable resemblance to the religion of Moses, prompting Freud to suggest [anchronistically, since this was 1¾ centuries after Mōsh•ëh!] that Akhen-Aten was the first Monotheist. … The Aten was worshipped in the open sunlight, rather than in dark temple enclosures, as the old gods had been."

"But indeed, Akhen-Aten's new creed could be summed up by the formula, 'There is no god but Aten, and Akhen-Aten is his prophet'."


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Hap
Hap (glyph)

Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2018.03.18]


H (V28, wick) a (D36, arm & hand) p (Q3, stool?) not pronounced (Z4, duality determinate)  not pronounced (N36, water channel, canal)
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Click to enlargeLimestone slab showing the Nile flood god Hap. 12th Dynasty. From the foundations of the temple of Thutmose (Tuthmosis) III, Koptos, Egypt. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archae­ology, London, UCL. (Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP (Glasg))

Egyptian An­thro­po­mor­phismHap (popularly "Hapi", but I see no final "i" or "y" in the glyph; perhaps "Hap-mer"?), mixed-gender god, regarded by ancient Egyptians as the creator of the universe; thought to "fetch water" of the annual flooding of the Nile. For ancient Egyptians, the arrival of the annual Nile inundation was the "Arrival of Hap".


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hieroglyph Apep serpent snake
Apep

[Updated: 2021.04.07]


Apep;Apep,Chaos,snake,viper the serpent god — Ancient Egyptian equivalent of Sâ•tân sharing its origin with the serpent in the Garden of Eden.

Apep serpent snake speared by Set fm Ra sun boat (Cairo Museum)
Apep serpent/​snake speared by Set fm Ra's solar-barque (Cairo Museum)

The ancient Egyptians' primary god was Ra, their sun god. When ancient Egyptians saw the sun proceeding through the sky, they believed it to be the radiance from Ra in his solar-barque (sun-boat), being pushed along in its orbit around a flat earth by a dung-beetle (hence, the importance of the dung-beetle scarab).

By night, they imagined the sun proceeding in the return direction underneath their flat world, through what they believed to be the netherworld of demons. (Since they believed they had to make this trip at death to an eternal tomorrow, they—as well as Vikings and others—built solar barques to be buried with them.) In this netherworld, they believed that Ra was attacked each night by its great enemy, Apep. If Apep succeeded, then the sun would not rise the next morning!

As a result, ancient Egyptians could never be sure even that the sun would come up the next morning (much less the next moon, the next season, Nile Flood, etc.). Consequently, Apep was their Chief Demon and threat to their primary god—and Par•ōh was believed to rule by divine-right, having special influence with their gods to further the welfare of his people. After all, the sun did come up every morning, the lunar months, the seasons, the annual Nile Flood, etc. (Quintessential example of post hoc ergo propter hoc logic fallacy.) Thus, they were dependent upon Par•ōh even for the next sunrise.

Apep was so demonized by fearful Egyptians that "Every year, a ritual called the "Banishing of Apep" would be held by the priests of Ra. They would take an effigy of Apep and in the center of the temple they would pray that all the wickedness in Egypt would go into the effigy. Then they would trample the effigy, crush it, beat it with sticks, pour mud on it, and eventually burn and destroy it. In this way, the power of Apep would be curtailed for another year." This was the antecedent of today's annual Islamic practice of "throwing of the jamarāt" (stoning of the Devil) during the Haj to Mecca.


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דָּגׂן or דָּגוֹן or Hebrew Middle-Semitic /​ Phoenician nun Netzarim copyrightHebrew Middle-Semitic /​ Phoenician gimel Netzarim copyrightHebrew Middle-Semitic /​ Phoenician dalet Netzarim copyright Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2021.04.13]

teraph Adapa merman fish Dagon ichthus mitre (of 7) Sumerian antediluvian sage (apkallu)
Click to enlargeBCE 883-859 Hebrew Middle-Semitic /​ Phoenician nun Netzarim copyrightHebrew Middle-Semitic /​ Phoenician gimel Netzarim copyrightHebrew Middle-Semitic /​ Phoenician dalet Netzarim copyright priest holding an “Isis-Loop”

Dâg•ōn; דגון,דגן,Dagondiminutive of דָּג e.g., “Fish•ling” — the Fish-god” (and probable origin of “Doggone it!”).

Arguing that דָּגוֹן doesn’t derive etymologically from דָּג exposes one’s ignorance of Hebrew. While the etymology of דָּגוֹן could allude to [its] origins as a god of דָּגָן, The Jewish Virtual Library notes: “On the other hand this term [דָּגָן], as the Hebrew vocalization shows, was separated from the name of the deity. [emphasis added]. All arguments attempting to contradict the association of דָּגוֹן with “fish” are (a) practically all non-Jewish, (b) agenda-driven to dodge idol-associations with the Christian ikhthūs and the pope’s miter and (c) ignorance of evidence of early worship of דָּגוֹן in the Levant. In fact, however, archeologists have discovered a temple of דָּגוֹן (along with a temple of Baal and a temple of Hadad) in Ugarit, Syria!

Even sillier, arguing that דָּגוֹן necessarily derives etymologically from דָּגָן is tantamount to arguing that אָרוֹן necessarily derives etymologically from אָרָן,‎ מָלוֹן necessarily derives etymologically from מָלָן,‎ אַלּוֹן necessarily derives etymologically from אָלָן,‎ אָסוֹן necessarily derives etymologically from אָסָן—and that’s only a few of the words beginning with אmore


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Hathor
Hât-Hōr (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]


Hat-Hor = Isis Golden Calf-mask
Hât-Hōr = Isis Golden Calf-mask
Hathor-Isis
Click to enlargeHât-Hōr = Isis (right) intro­duces Queen Nephertari (left) to Ō•siris (on wall to right); wall painting in the tomb of Nephertari.

Egyptian Anthropomorphism (idolatry) —Hathor, Hat-Hor Hât-Hōr, cow / heifer (origin of "holy cow") goddess of sex and fertility, wife (variously) of Hōrus and Ra, welcoming the dead into eternal afterlife; depicted by the solar disk with Wadjet between the horns of a cow.

The face and head-dress of Hât-Hōr = Isis was the pattern for the "Golden Calf" מַסֵּכָה.

Greek Hellenists syncretized Hât-Hōr to their goddess Aphrodite = Ash•tōrët while Arabs syncretized it into Al•lat and later Roman Hellenists syncretized it into Venus.

Hât-Hōr / Isis / Ash•tōrët is the original prototype of "Mary Mother of God."


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Hor-em-akht
Hor-em-akht (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]


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Click to enlargeHōr-em-akht (later Hellenized to "sphinx") guarding the pyramid — evidence of Yᵊtzi•âh: original face of Khât-shepset defaced, erased from Egyptian history

Hōr-em-akht — Hellenized, millennia later, and misleadingly called the Great “Sphinx” (a Greek cognate of “sphincter” meaning “strangler”) by Hellenists–not Egyptians–who believed a "strangler god" guarded the gate to the afterlife.

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Click to enlargeHōr-em-akht with face of Queen-Par•oh Khât-shepset (Metropolitan Museum)

Beyond a few cosmetic similarities to Greek statues of millennia later, the Greek-derived term sphinx (= strang­ler) has nothing to do with the much earlier ancient Egyptian statues. Hōr-em-akht originally represented Hōrus, god of the dawn, with the head of a ram (the guardian against the demons of the netherworld) on the body of a lion (the guardian of Ra).

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Click to enlargeEarlier Hōr-em-akht with head of ram and body of lion

Two sculptures of Hōr-em-akht, back-to-back, guarding the comings and goings of Ra, symbolized, for Egyptians, the rule of the universe.

The Egyptian Hōr-em-akht statues bear a far closer resemblance to the kᵊruv•im (corrupted to “cherubim”) and sᵊrâph•im described by Yᵊkhë•zᵊq•eil (1 & 10) and Yᵊsha•yâhu (6). See also, inter alia, Ancient Mysteries, Guardian of the Ages: The Great Sphinx, A&E Television Networks and The History Channel, 1996.


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Horus
Horus (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]


Horus (tomb of Horemheb, Thebes)
Horus mask featuring the Double-Crown of Combined Upper & Lower Egypt (tomb of Horemheb, Thebes)

Egyptian An­thro­po­mor­phismHorus (meaning "falcon"), originally brother of Ō•siris, over time evolved to the son of Isis and Ō•siris—"the Son of God"!

Horus was the sky god of warriors, hunters and kings, depicted as a man with the head of a falcon wearing a combination of the red (Lower = north Egypt) and white (Upper = south Egypt) crowns; variously the son / husband of Hât-Hōr (often equated with Isis).

12 year old Princess, and future Queen-Par•oh, Khât-shepset, identifying herself with Isis (incarnate), interpreted her discovering the infant Mosh•ëh floating among the reeds of the Nile as prophetic: that she had found Horus, born, via herself (as Isis-moses) and the recovered body parts of Ō•siris that had been scattered in the Nile. It is likely that the true mother of the Hebrew infant, Yō•khëvëd, counted on the princess' belief in Egyptian idolatry to save him.


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ἸχθύςPronunciation Table [Updated: 2019.12.01]

Christian Ἰχθύς (fish) symbol
Christian Ἰχθύς (fish) symbol

ikh•thūs (Greek); fish; symbol adopted from Pᵊli•shᵊt•in, Aegean “Sea-People” colonists, who, having lost their capital Aegean island of Kal•lis in the Minoan eruption—inexorably led to corresponding loss of faith in their Minoan gods; consequently adopting the sea god of their new land—the merman fish-god theology that dated back to fish-centric Ninᵊweih theology similar at its core to their own sea-god theology.

This fish-god theology eventually evolved into the merman-god Triton (son of sea-god Poseidon), which thenceforth mutated into the Dâg•ōn fish-god theology of the Pᵊli•shᵊt•in, Aegean “Sea-People” colonists who took refuge in the coastal regions of the Eastern Medierranean, the Egyptian Delta and the Levant, in the wake of the destruction of their island capital by the Minoan eruption.

The original (i.e. post-Paul gentile Roman Hellenist) Christians syncretized this fish-god tradition into the originally preferred of the two earliest Christian symbols (the other symbol being the cross). These Greek-speaking gentile Roman Hellenist original Christians also developed an acronym for this symbol, in Greek (not in Hebrew, which gentile Roman Hellenists didn’t understand), for “Iesous Khristos, Theou Uios, Soteir” (JC, god’s Son, Savior).


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Athtart
Athtart, fem. of Akkadian masc. Ishtar (Ugaritic cuneiform)
עַשְׁתֹּרֶת,Pronunciation Table Ἀστάρτη, ‎اللات‎, [Updated: 2019.12.21]

Ishtar
Click to enlargeIshᵊtar

Egyptian, Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Aramaean An­thro­po­mor­phism Akkadian (masc.) Ishᵊtar — feminized to the goddess-idol of love & war: Athtart, later deliberately corrupted to Ash•tōrët) is frequently condemned in the Bible.

Athtart was the primary inspiration molding the parallel lunar (i.e., moon, sex & fertility) goddesses of Arabia (Al•lat, also known as al-ill•aht, fem. of Al•lah), Hellenist Greece (Aphrodite) and Hellenist Rome (Venus)—making it also the origin, hatched by the latter (namely, Rome), of the Hellenist Roman Christian Easter and Easter eggs, symbolizing rebirth! Decoration of eggs dates back in Egypt and Sumeria 5,000 years.

Sadly, the בֵּיצָה on the Pësakh Seidër plate doesn't date back beyond the Gâl•ut of 135 C.E. and resulting assimilation—adopting the "Easter egg" by giving it a "Jewish" theme—like an "Xmas bush"!

In Egyptian idolatry, Athtart was equated to a daughter of Ra and Isis, later Hellenized to Greek Astarte-Ashtoret idolatry that is so frequently reviled by the Bible – converged with Aphrodite (Budin, Stephanie L. (2004). "A Reconsideration of the Aphrodite-Ashtart Syncretism". Numen 51 (2): 95–145.), – becoming a Sâ•tân prototype.

Ash•tōrët / Hât-Hōr / Isis is the original prototype of "Mary Mother of God" (Loverance, Rowena (2007). Christian Art. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-674-02479-3; inter alia).


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Isis
Isis (glyph)
[Updated: 2019.12.21]


<s>Isis</s> as falcon <s>goddess</s>
Click to enlargeIsis as falcon (kite) goddess (wall painting, tomb of Seti I in the Valley of the Kings, ca. B.C.E. 1380-1335)
Isis giving ankh to Paro Seti Sr temple Abydos
Click to enlargeIsis (left) giving ankh to Par•oh Seti Sr.; temple at Abydos, Egypt.

Egyptian An­thro­po­mor­phismIsis (meaning "throne") was depicted by Egyptians as a woman wearing a falcon or throne head-dress and eventually equated with Hât-Hōr.

In keeping with the Egyptian tradition of Pharaohs keeping their "royal blood" in the family (incestuously), Mother Isis married her brother-god, Ō•siris.

Mother Isis conceived by Father Ō•siris god, giving birth to "the Son of God," Hōrus, who was resurrected by Mother Isis after being murdered by Set (which later symbolized Rome, prefiguring Hellenist Roman Christianity).

The “Queen of the Heavens” Sacred Loop (Bow or Knot)

Isis Loop” (Egyptian Hieroglyph, Gardiner-V39 tit (tyet): Rea/Isis Loop). See also a

Supposed Isis-incarnate Egyptian Princess

The 12 year old princess of Shᵊm•ōt 2, identifying herself with Isis (incarnate), interpreted her discovering the infant Mosh•ëh floating among the reeds of the Nile as prophetic: that she had found Horus, born, via herself (as Isis-moses) and the recovered body parts of Ō•siris that had been scattered in the Nile. It is likely that the true mother of the Hebrew infant, Yō•khëvëd, counted on the princess' belief in Egyptian idolatry to save him.


Hat-Hor = Isis Golden Calf-mask
Isis = Hât-Hōr Golden Calf-mask

Isis / Hât-Hōr / Ash•tōrët is the earliest known prototype of "Mary Mother of god" (Loverance, Rowena (2007). Christian Art. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-674-02479-3, inter alia).


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amar-utu (Mardukh)
amar-utu (Mardukh)
Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2017.10.10]

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Click to enlargeBCE 8th century – Ma•rᵊdukh; Neo-Assyrian cylinder seal impression. Creation-flood myth cele­brating Babylonian New Year festival Akitu in "Nisan"

מַרְדוּךְ; Ma•rᵊdukh; Marduk, Bel"solar bull calf". The Babylonian/​Akkadian "Creator and Lord of the Gods of Heaven and Earth", whose "star" was Jupiter (lᵊ‑ha•vᵊdil in Hebrew, Tzëdëq, planet of the Mâ•shiakh).

Mar•duk was popularly called Baal in Babylonian: Bel.


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Nekhbet vulture-god
Nekhbet
[Updated: 2021.04.07]


Nekhbet (mother) — vulture goddess of motherhood & childbirth, associated with the color white; counterpert of Wadjet .


Wadjet eye of Horus
Click to enlargeEye of Hōrus guarded by "the two goddesses (and crowns) of (Upper & Lower) Egypt": Wadjet wearing the deshret crown of Lower Egypt with the uraeus (rearing spitting cobra) on the right, Nekhbet wearing the hedget Ō•siris (when flanked by ostrich feathers) crown of Upper Egypt on the left.

Nekhbet became identified as the ultimate mother: i.e. Hât-Hōr— of later "Golden Calf" infamy.

Thus, this egg-laying white vulture mother-goddess morphed to twin the theme of an egg-laying white vulture-mother with the theme of mammal mother/​(re)birth Hât-Hōr—likely the ultimate origin of the "Easter Egg". (The "Easter Bunny" wasn't dreamed up until 17th century CE German Lutherans.)


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 Nabu (Babylonian Cuneiform)
Nabu (Babylonian Cuneiform)

נְבוּPronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.06.13]

Nᵊvu-; combinative form of Nabu (popularly Nebo), the Babylonian god of wisdom and writing, worshiped by Babylonians as Marduk.

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Osiris
Osiris (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]


Osiris wall painting. tomb Pashedu, Deir el-Medina, Thebes (Luxor)
Click to enlargeŌ•siris (green-skinned man) wall painting, tomb Pashedu, Deir el-Medina, Thebes (Luxor)

Egyptian An­thro­po­mor­phismŌ•siris symbolized resurrection; depicted as a green-skinned man (the color of resurrected crop greenery following the annual flooding of the Nile) or black (color of the fertile Delta soil), a beard symbolizing eternity (the "pharaoh's beard") and partially mummy-wrapped at the legs, epitomizing the transition from death to eternal afterlife.

Ō•siris is also the origin epitomizing divine right to rule (still claimed today by every king and queen), holding the crook and flail; and rule over combined Upper (southern) and Lower (northern and Delta) Egypt, often wearing a distinctive crown with two large ostrich feathers (symbolizing Upper & Lower Egypt) at either side.

Ō•siris was the Father-God (by Isis, the Mother-goddess) of Hōrus: the "Son of God"! This is the ultimate origin later syncretized by Hellenist Roman idolaters of the 2nd-4th centuries C.E. into the concept of the Father-God, "Mother of God" and "the Son of God."

Like Ra (the sun) was thought to spend each night in the underworld and resurrect each morning, his son, Ō•siris, was regarded as a merciful god of the dead, God over transition from death to resurrection and afterlife. In the 2nd-4th centuries C.E., Hellenist Roman idolaters syncretized this theme into Jesus' supposed power over sin, death and resurrection.


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Ptah
Ptah (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]


Ptah
Click to enlargePtah (Tomb of Ra-moses Sr., Valley of the Kings, West Bank of the Nile, Luxor, Egypt).

Egyptian An­thro­po­mor­phism — creator god, depicted as a man wearing a skullcap who conceived the world and spoke it into existence; also the god of craftsmen and architects. Ptah became identified with Ō•siris.


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Ra
Ra (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]


Ra sun-god (with Imentet), tomb of Nephartari
Click to enlargeRa, the sun-god over an Egyptian priest wearing an Ō•siris mask, holding the ankh and wass scepter.

Egyptian An­thro­po­mor­phismRa, the self-created creator and sun-god, believed to cruise the sky during the day in its Solar Boat and through the netherworld during the night, culminating in a confrontation with the evil Apep serpent god that had to be defeated every night.

Every night, Ra delegated the battle with the evil Apep serpent to the violent-disorder-foreigner god Set, depending upon Set's victory for Ra to be "born-again" every morning. (This is the original derivation, syncretized by the Hellenist Roman idolaters of the 2nd-4th century C.E., into Jesus' victory over death enabling Christians to be "born-again.")


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Ῥέα Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2019.12.19]

Minoan Rea Knossos palace fresco  abstract-fish sacred-loop
Click to enlargea — Minoan “Goddess Of The Heavens” (c BCE

a (also Rhea);Rhea,Rea The (Hellenic Mycenean) Minoan-Pᵊli•shᵊt•in’s “Queen of the Heavens”; Chief Deity of the Aegean-Mediterranean “Sea People” Thalassocracy; believed to be the Mother-Goddess of the world—thus conflating, via both maritime and land trade merchants, with Egyptian Isis, moon-goddess Hât-Hōr, Sumerian Inanna/​, Mesopotamian-Assyrian Ishtar/​Astarte /​Asherah/​Easter, Greek Aphrodite and Mary Mother of God as well as Oannes/​Enki/​Dag•ōn.

a’s identification with the sea and mythical merman gods is immediate: a was believed to be the daughter of Oceanus (divine personification of the ocean) and Tæthus, mother of the river gods and the mermaids (sea nymph deities). The (Hellenic Mycenean) Minoan-Pᵊli•shᵊt•in likewise believed that a was the mother of Poseidon, who, with his consort, Amphitrite, gave birth (among other gods) to a merman sea-god, Triton—“always conceived as presenting the human figure in the upper part of their bodies, while the lower part is that of a fish”) as well as Ζεύς.Amphitrite, [conflated with both a and Greek] Athena, is the paredros of the deity who was worshipped by the Philistines as Dâg•ōn, [which] in Greek lands became Triton, Apollo Delphinius, Poseidon [and] Ζεύς.”

Fish accompanied the Minoan motifs on pottery, wall paintings, etc. The whole gamut of “Minoan” figurines (idols), however, have been largely exposed as forgeries. Imagery, consequently, is limited to wall frescos excavated by archeologists with provenance to Knossos, Palaikastro (Crete) or Akrotiri (Kal•lis).

a is depicted wearing the “Isis Loop” (Egyptian Hieroglyph, Gardiner-V39 tit (tyet): Rea/Isis Loop, “Sacred Knot”) bow on her back, which is likely an abbreviated abstraction (like the ikhthūs) of their maritime fish priestly garb (and, perhaps, inspiring angelic wings and “Wonder Woman” with her magic lasso in foreign cultures). The “Isis Loop” identifies this not as a mere priestess; in the Minoan religion, this (perhaps a living queen) was the their principle goddess “incarnate”: a.


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Set
Set (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]


Set
Click to enlargeEgyptian priests wearing wolf-god Set mask (left) and Ō•siris mask (right) bless Ra-moses Jr. (center, Temple at Abu Simbel, Nubia, Southern Egypt)

Egyptian An­thro­po­mor­phismSet wolf mask, worn by an Egyptian priest; god of the desert, storms, disorder, violence and foreigners.

Younger son of Ra, Set was the brother of Ō•siris.

While it was Set who dispatched the evil Apep serpent every night, enabling Ra to be reborn every morning, it was also Set who murdered his older brother, Ō•siris, in order to take the throne.

To prevent Ō•siris from resurrecting himself like (Egyptians believed) their father, Ra, did every morning, Set butchered Ō•siris and scattered his body parts throughout the Nile.


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Djehuty/Tut
Djehuty/​Tut
 Djehuty deity (G26: ibis on perch) t (X1: bread loaf) - (not pronounced) duality(Z4: 2 slashes) Ibis deity (C3: priest in Ibis mask, seated)

[Updated: 2017.03.17]


Tut
Click to enlargeEgyptian priest wearing Tut mask (center) accepts offerings from Ra-moses III.

Egyptian An­thro­po­mor­phismDjehuty, Hel­le­nized to Θώθ, then An­gli­cized to Tut/​Thoth/​Tuth; originally thought to be the ibis (or baboon) moon-​god, thus conflated with Yah.

Over time, Egyptian beliefs evolved it into their scribe-god of learning (specifically, cryptanalysis) who invented hieroglyphics and supposed author of the original "Book of Magic"; symbolized by the writing palette or reed pen.

Tut was key in deriving the ritual enabling Isis to bring Ō•siris back from the dead. It was Tut that drove Set's magical poison from Isis' son, Hōrus, with the power of its magic.


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Wadjet rearing green spitting cobra god
Wadjet (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]


Wadjet eye of Horus
Click to enlargeEye of Hōrus guarded by "the two goddesses (and crowns) of (Upper & Lower) Egypt": Wadjet wearing the deshret crown of Lower Egypt with the uraeus (rearing spitting cobra) on the right, Nekhbet wearing the hedget Ō•siris (when flanked by ostrich feathers) crown of Upper Egypt on the left.

Egyptian An­thro­po­mor­phismWadjet, symbolized by a rearing green spitting-cobra goddess, protector of Lower (i.e., northern) Egypt.

When a daughter-goddess of Ra, became lost (despite her being the "Eyes of Ra"; her left eye being the moon-god Tut and her right eye being the sun-god Ra), he sent Wadjet to find her. When Wadjet succeeded in finding and returning her, Wadjet apparently thereafter eclipsed her predecessor as the "Eye of Ra."

Wadjet then went on to become the cobra-protector of Hōrus—the "Eye of Hōrus."


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Yah
Yah

[Updated: 2017.03.17]


Egyptian An­thro­po­mor­phismGod of the moon (lunar) calendar; assimilated into Tut and Osiris.


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