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Updated: 2018.06.15

פְּרוּשִׁים — The "Parsers" (Pharisees)

masc . n. Pᵊrūsh•im, pl. of פְּרוּשִׁי‎ —פרושים, פרשה,פרושה, פרשות, parashah, parashot, Perushim, P'rushim, peirushah BH:

MH: a parsed "meaning; explanation, interpretation, gloss, annotation, comment, commentar­y." In fact, the English "parse" traces back "from Latin pars [meaning] 'a part, piece' " — likely to this Hebrew root!

The Three Factions of Judaism

The First Rabbi: B.C.E. 175

Prior to B.C.E. 175, Yᵊhūdâh (Judaea/​Judaean) was a unified, Rabi Hi•leil-like, inclusive-leaning, Ta•na"kh-centric nation, infusing diverse genetic back­grounds, integrating diverse interpretations of Ta•na"kh, and led by a benign—Ōs•inKō•hein ha-Jâ•dōl.

Betrayed by his own—Hellenist—brother in B.C.E. 175, however, this utopian leadership was inexorably undermined by the idolatrous Hellenist inroads of Syrian king Antiochus IV Epiphanes.

The Hellenist coup that ousted the Kō•hein ha-Jâ•dōl was backed by the newly Syrian-enthroned Hellenist "Temple High Priest" faction; an overwhelming majority comprising a mix of Hellenist kō•han•im and Hellenist Judaean aristocracy—calling themselves Tzᵊdoq•im.

The Syrian-empowered takeover by the Hellenist Tzᵊdoq•im, combined with the subsequent "parsing-out" of the lay "parsers" (Pᵊrush•im, later Hellenized in LXX, as Φαρισαῖος—"Pharisee"), eviscerated the previous Ōs•in faction; which, over the next three centuries, faded into oblivion.

It wasn't until the longstanding Judaic-Hellenist schism finally exploded in B.C.E. 175, however, that the Pᵊrush•im finally "parsed themselves apart" from the entitled priestly-aristocratic (Tzᵊdoq•im) class—introducing to the world their first reform: their newly-formed party's original first rabbis!

Lacking the Scriptural authority of the (rival Tzᵊdoq•im faction) kō•han•im, the first Pᵊrush•im rabbis instigated another reform: recognizing the authority—and retitling—earlier, non-kō•han•im religious leaders of Yi•sᵊr•â•eil as kinds of rabbis. Thus, from assimilated Babylonian "sages" back to Mōsh•ëh inclusive, all were retroactively retitled as kinds of "rabbis".

Accordingly, ca. B.C.E. , Mōsh•ëh certainly couldn't have been "Rab•einū" (our Rabbi), more than a millennium before the first ever rabbi existted! Discerning from Scriptural descriptions of his office and actions, Mōsh•ëh Pᵊqid•einū (our Pâ•qid) is most historically accurate.

The Original First Synagogues

Only after B.C.E.175 did the Pᵊrush•im even exist to ordain the first rabbis and first defy the Hellenist Tzᵊdoq•im, who were anchored in the "Temple", to begin establishing rival local Bât•ei ha-Kᵊnësët to enable local prayer patterned after, and competing with the liturgy of the newly-Hellenized Tzᵊdoq•im "Temple" in Yᵊru•shâ•layim.

Yet, although there were no synagogues before the founding of the Pᵊrush•im in B.C.E. 175, at least from the time when the A•rōn ha-Bᵊrit was lost, there certainly were structures dedicated to mi•dᵊrâsh and tᵊphil•âh! Inept "scholars", who have conflated the structures with the anachronistic rabbinic nomenclature, have misled the masses. There were no synagogues before there were Pᵊrush•im and rabbis, in B.C.E. 176—and no "synagogues until the Pᵊrush•im assimilated, despite long resistance, a number of Tzᵊdoq•im Hellenist terminologies! Yet, this is only one of a number of assimilations through the millennia that need to be restored.


  1. פְּרוּשִׁי derives from פָּרוּשׁ, passive participle of פָּרַשׁ, so named because, in B.C.E. 135, they פָּרוּשׁ from the rapidly Hellenizing Tzᵊdoq•im.

  2. פְּרִישׁוּת — parsing-out, separation, departure; i.e. parsing Ha•vᵊdâl•âh

  3. fem. n.פָּרָשָׁה (pâ•râsh•âh, pl. פָּרָשׁוֹת (pâ•râsh•ōt), conn. -פָּרָשַׁת (pâ•râsh•at-…); parsed as distinct, separate (e.g., section or episode, pop. portion); formed from the root פָּרַשׁ (pâ•rash; to parse separate from, secede from, parse distinct and specific, exposit, elucidate, clarify).

  4. The pâ•râsh•ōt Shâ•vua (or Si•dᵊr•ōt) are successive weekly portions of Tōr•âh, with associated Ha•phᵊtâr•âh selections from the Nᵊviy•im. Jews all over the world read the same pâ•râsh•âh on any given Shab•ât in every Beit ha-Kᵊnësët around the world.

  5. פֵּירוּשׁ/​פֵּירוּשָׁה (pei•rush/​pei•rush•âh), m./​f. n. — the product of logical parsing; i.e. logically distinguishing, separating, interpreting, clarifying.

  6. פְּרוּשִׁים (Pᵊrush•im)

  7. פַּרְשָׁנוּת (pa•rᵊsh•ân•ūt; exegesis, exegetics, exposition; critical interpretation that refines and clarifies a topic, separating wheat from chaff, gold from dross)

  8. פַּרְשָׁן (pa•rᵊsh•ân, pl. פַּרְשָׁנִים); an exegete, expositor (modern "expert" or "pundit"); a mathematically-precise scientist-logician who refines, clarifies and explains a topic, separating wheat from chaff, gold from dross).

The Pᵊrush•im were the only one of the three 1st-century sects having Ribis and rabbis – forerunners of today's Tei•mân•i and moderate Orthodox rabbis. A priori, it is certain that Ribi (!) Yᵊho•shua was a פְּרוּשִׁי.

The reason that Ribi Yᵊho•shua incurred such wrath from the Hellenist pseudo-Tzᵊdoq•im Ko•han•ei hâ-Rësha is because Ribi Yᵊho•shua was the most successful Pᵊrush•i, most effective in establishing and popularizing the practice of praying in local Bât•ei ha-Kᵊnësët among the masses – which was a religious, political and financial rival and threat to the Hellenist-Tzᵊdoq•im who, collaborating with the Hellenist Roman occupiers, controlled their Herod-built (Hellenist Tzᵊdoq•im priests') Hellenized (i.e., idolatrous-assimilated and adulterated) Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh ha-Shein•i. Because he was a religious, political and financial threat to their Hellenism and "Temple", they collaborated together to falsely smear Ribi Yᵊho•shua as a heretic who should be killed as an example to (vicarious sacrifice for) the rest of the Pᵊrush•im.

Interim centuries in Europe has evolved the descendants of the 1st century Hellenist Tzᵊdoq•im into today's "Ultra" Pᵊrush•im. These are greedy and parasitic, European Dark Ages oriented and garbed, off-the-rails, anti-science, anti-education, superstitious fanatics who advocate 1st century Tzᵊdoq•im Hellenism and promulgate the appalling 1st century Hellenist Tzᵊdoq•im kangaroo Beit Din defamation and lynching of that generation's most popular and famous Ribi.

In today's Israel these Tzᵊdoq•im-Hellenists in Pᵊrush•im clothing rely solely on goy•im Turk and British ordinations as Israel's Ra•bân•ut and Chief Rabbis, to again lord over all Judaic rites including marriage, divorce, death conversions and "holy sites"; once again persecuting legitimate Pᵊrush•im – now globally. more

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