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Updated: 2013.09.18

The origin of λογος traces back to Heraclitus (ca. B.C.E. 535–475), who used the term for the principle of [spoken] order and knowledge (Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy (2nd ed): Heraclitus, 1999), in other words, intellectual oral discourse. Aristotle, similarly, used λογος in the sense of reasoned oral (rhetorical) discourse (Paul Anthony Rahe, Republics Ancient and Modern: The Ancien Régime in Classical Greece, University of North Carolina Press, 1994, ISBN 080784473X, p. 21.).

λογος is a key term in Christianity (but not in Judaism) that derives not from the original Hebrew Ta•na"kh, but from the Hellenist Greek LXX, a Hellenized hybrid tool used by Greek-speaking Hellenists to assimilate from Hebrew Judaism to a Greek-based, "1st-century Reform Judaism" brand of Hellenism. The pivotal passage was Tᵊhil•im 33.6, in which LXX renders " ' were the heavens made" as "τω λογω του κθριου were the heavens made."

Jewish, and subsequent Christian, Hellenist theology generates from, and orbits, the term λογος. This path to assimilation was blazed by Φιλων (B.C.E. 20–50 C.E.), an Egyptian Hellenized Jew, who reformed the term to describe a λογος to mean an intermediary divine being, or demiurge (i.e., a man-god; Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy (2nd ed): Philo Judaeus, 1999). This Hellenist λογος demiurge was subsequently adopted as the centerpiece of Christianity.

To 1st century Jews, even 1st century Hellenist Jews, λογος–the Oral Word–was the Hellenist Greek translation of Tor•âh shë-Bᵊ•al pëh. Thanks in no small part to Φιλων, the term became distorted and transformed by Hellenist Roman gentiles, through the lens of their idolatrous Hellenist theology, into "the Divine Word," an anthropomorphic metonym for their deified (idolatrous) demiurge (man-god).

This native Hellenist, idolatrous concept was explicated in their Hellenized (Christianized, redacted) "gospel" of St. John 1.1-2, 14 (translated from the earliest Greek rather than copied from the KJ/V English): " In the beginning was the λογος, and the λογος was προς τον θεον (theon acc. m.s.; god), and θεος was the λογος. The same was προς τον θεον in the beginning… 14 And the λογος became flesh and pitched-tent among us, and we gaze at his glory, glory as the only-begotten beside the Father, full of grace and truth." To Hellenist Roman gentiles, λογος was a metonym for Jesus.

What Yokhâ•nân would have explicated, if it were authentic, would have been: "In the beginning was the Oral Law = Tor•âh shë-Bᵊ•al pëh = Ha•lâkh•âh [since Yokhâ•nân, being a tal•mid of Ribi Yᵊho•shua, was a pᵊrush•i. This is self-evident since -- spoke–Orally verbalized–everything into existence.] "And the Oral Law was ', and the Oral Law was [the Oral Voice of] --. The same was with -- in the beginning."

Qum•rân Dead Sea Scroll 4Q MMT (Miq•sat Ma•as•ëh ha-Tor•âh) documents that 1st century Jews believed–and still believe today–that the Oral Law is the innermost core of Tor•âh.

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