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[Updated: 2023.05.19]

LXX Εἰδωλολατρία (Idolatry) Only A Small Slice Of Scriptural Prohibition
All idols are idolatry—But Εἰδωλολατρία Fails To Encompass The Ta•na״khꞋ Prohibition

Ta•na״khꞋ (Shᵊm•ōtꞋ 20.3) Prohibited Physicomophism!

Modern interpretations of this passage fail the test of seeing the Scripture from the ancient perspective of ancient humanity and Yi•sᵊr•ã•eilꞋ. In the ancient world, humanity began with an animist belief system: that every physical thing was imbued with an associated, animating spirit; e.g., leaves rustled in the wind because the leaf-spirits were agitated by the rūꞋakh (wind-spirit!!!). Another particularly well-recognized animism was the rūꞋakh-nëphꞋësh-nᵊshãm•ãhꞋ (cognizance-breath-windspirit) triad.

Early Israel's Physicomorphisms Leaked Into Ta•na״khꞋ Metaphors Further Physicomorphisms

Beyond the infamous Gold Calf-Mask debacle, which seduced even Mōsh•ëhꞋ's big brother (A•ha•rōnꞋ Bën-AmᵊrãmꞋ the Kō•hænꞋ ha-Jã•dōlꞋ), Ta•na״khꞋ documents endless bouts of widespread physicomorphism in early Israel, followed unwaveringly by stern admonishments; e.g.,

 לֹֽ֣א־יִהְיֶ֥͏ֽה־לְךָ֛֩ אֱלֹהִ֥֨ים אֲחֵרִ֖֜ים עַל־פָּנָֽ͏ַ֗י׃

Ancient cosmological perspective of universe (using diagram by Vadim Sadovski @ Shutterstock)
Click to enlargeAncient cosmological perspective of universe (diagram: Vadim Sadovski @ Shutterstock)

In the original Middle-Eastern (as opposed to modern foreign) perspective of the Israeli authors of this Scripture, this Scriptural decree prohibits revering or idolizing any and all physicomorphismsgods = rūkh•ōtꞋ.

יְהוָׂה Alone and unaided is the Singularity exception.

The next passage (Shᵊm•ōtꞋ 20.4–5, and very similar Dᵊvãr•imꞋ 5.7–9) can only be understood in the perspective of the early Israeli authors who wrote it in terms of the universe as they—not you—perceived it! See illustration.

לֹֽ֣א־תַֽעֲשֶׂ֨ה־לְךָ֥֣ פֶ֣֙סֶל֙ ׀ וְכׇל־תְּמוּנָ֔֡ה אֲשֶׁ֤֣ר בַּשָּׁמַ֣֙יִם֙ ׀ מִמַּ֔֡עַל וַֽאֲשֶׁ֥ר֩ בָּאָ֖֨רֶץ מִתָּ֑͏ַ֜חַת וַאֲשֶׁ֥ר בַּמַּ֖֣יִם׀ מִתַּ֥֣חַת לָאָֽ֗רֶץ׃

Thus, in English, the continuing passage (above) then explicates in detail that it forbids anything in the context of physicomorphic: "You shall not make for yourself any physicomorphic-sculpture, nor any physicomorphic-image; not of any such physicomorphism in the heavens above, nor any such physicomorphism in the land below, nor any such physicomorphism in the oceans  below the terrain.

This context is then further reconfirmed in the following passage:

לֹֽא־תִשְׁתַּחֲוֶ֥֣ה לָׂׂהֶם  וְלֹ֣א תׇעׇבְדֵ֑ם֒  כִּ֣י אָֽנֹכִ֞י יְהֹוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ אֵ֣ל קַנָּ֔א פֹּ֠קֵד עֲוֺ֨ן אָבֹ֧ת עַל־בָּנִ֛ים עַל־ שִׁלֵּשִׁ֥ים וְעַל־רִבֵּעִ֖ים לְשֹׂנְאָֽ֑י׃

This Scripture dictates that Yi•sᵊr•ã•eilꞋ—i.e. the Jew—neither make nor possess nor indulge any representation of any physicomorphism; not heavenly, nor nether-worldly, nor suboceanic rūkh•ōtꞋ-ël•ōh•imꞋ; nor serve any of them—under penalty of khæꞋrëm beyond pãd•ãhꞋ ! Nor may a person תִֽשְׁתַּחֲוֶ֖ה  to another ël•ōh•imꞋ.

Scripture doubles-down: "Don't even ask about this! Because physicomorphism is the principle violation of the bᵊrit"!!!

Why? כִּ֣י אֵ֤ל אָנֹכִי֙ וְלֹא־אִ֔ישׁ, לֹ֣א אִ֥ישׁ אֵל֙׃ 

(For I-Myself am æl and not a mortal; no mortal is an æl!)

Despite anthropomorphism being a subset of physicomorphism, and Yi•sᵊr•ã•eilꞋ having been weaned (70 CE) of sacrificial aspects of physicomorphism, misleading metaphors, inviting continued physicomorphisms (Greek "idolatry") of two major types continued to abound:

Contrast to Non-Physical (Not Physicomophic) Characteristics
Rainbow Rule
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