Home (Netzarim Logo)

Updated: 2024.04.12 

"Jacob's Trouble"/​"70 Weeks"

(Note: From BCE 453 Through Today)

Yi•rᵊmᵊyãhꞋū Bën-Būz•iꞋ, ha-Nã•viꞋ

Bã•vëlꞋ shall have a 70 year [period]…  =   לְבָבֶ֛ל שִׁבְעִ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה
…a strait  season for Ya•a•qōv    וְעֵֽת־צָרָ֥ה הִיא֙ לְיַֽעֲקֹ֔ב


For a nonfunctional Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim: a 70 Year [period]  =   לְחׇרְב֥וֹת יְרוּשָׁלַ֖͏ִם שִׁבְעִ֥ים שָׁנָֽה
[During which assimilated-Ya•a•­qōv  must stop perverting this verse into self-contradicting gibberish rather than obey its plain requirements: extirpate  the pëshꞋa (& sacrifice),  put a stop to the khat•ãtꞋ-sacrifice, to ki•pærꞋ the ã•wōnꞋ (& sacrifice), and the pëshꞋa (& sacrifice); bring the tzëdꞋëq of the ō•lãm•imꞋ  and to khã•tamꞋ the kha•zōnꞋ, the nã•viꞋ and the mᵊshōꞋakh of any qōꞋdësh qã•dãsh•imꞋ לְכַלֵּ֨א הַפֶּ֜שַׁע [וּלְהָתֵ֤ם חַטָּאת֙] וּלְכַפֵּ֣ר עָוֺ֔ן וּלְהָבִ֖יא צֶ֣דֶק עֹֽלָמִ֑ים וְלֵַחְתֹּם֙ חָז֣וֹן וְנָבִ֔יא וְלִמְשֹׁ֖חַ קֹ֥דֶשׁ קׇֽדָשִֽׁים׃
Mid-70ᵗʰ Week: Then he/​it will be hyping a bᵊrit  to many…  וְהִגְבִּ֥יר בְּרִ֛ית לָרַבִּ֖ים׃‫ 
key gold antique: "70 Years/Weeks" Of Straits (Troubles) Until… "So when the series-of-deracinating/​dispersing the hand of am qō•dësh shall be done  then all of these [70 Weeks/Years] shall be done!" וּכְכַלּ֛וֹת נַפֵּ֥ץ יַד־עַם־קֹ֖דֶשׁ תִּכְלֶ֥ינָה כָל־אֵֽלֶּה׃‫ 

Dãn•i•ælꞋ's "70 Weeks" )

"70 Septuples/Weeks" Of Years

Yi•rᵊmᵊyãhꞋū ha-Nã•viꞋ, Explicated By Dãn•i•ælꞋ 

Provenance Of Dãn•i•ælꞋ (Historical Context, Chronological)
gold text-divider
BCE 605.08-562.10.07—𒀭𒀝𒋻𒌶𒌓𒀫  Jr. (garbled to "King Nebuchadnezzar") 
(Shãr NãꞋbū-kūd•ūri•ūt•zūrꞋ Jr., Crowned Shãr Of Bã•vëlꞋ; Rules YᵊhūdꞋãh)
cBCE 626–530  

cBCE 604 Dãn•i•ælꞋ is born, and probably died in his seventies.

While Christian & Muslim academics discount the BCE 6ᵗʰ century dating documented in Scripture—simply because it is Scripture, the book contains Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ  (Iranian-Zoroastrian) -oriented imagery, and remnants of the early Aramaic language that corroborate the authenticity of BCE 6ᵗʰ century language and close acquaintance with its dating and history.

A fortiori, 21st century 14C datings have overturned early pottery-based datings by 19-20ᵗʰ century explorer-adventurer archaeologists, correcting them by as much as 2½ centuries in some cases.

Moreover, discovery of the DSS rolled-back the earliest extant mss. of Ta•na״khꞋ to the BCE 3rd century—almost ½ a millennium before The Apostate Paul's ἐπιφάνεια of Jesus, and nearly a full millennium before Muhammad morphed Judaism into a Muslim knockoff—Islam!!!

Dãn•i•ælꞋ's contemporary, Ëzᵊrã mentions a kō•heinꞋ named Daniel who (after BCE 559) was repatriated, by Kū•ū•rū•shã, from Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ to Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim with Ëzᵊrã

Dãn•i•ælꞋ's successful petition to the Shãh, insisting on a Ta•na״khꞋ-compatible diet (kã•shᵊr•ūtꞋ), etc. is historically authentic to the far more YᵊhūdꞋãh-friendly Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian)  Empire than to the Neo-Bã•vᵊl•iꞋ of Shar NãꞋbū-kūd•ūri•ūt•zūrꞋ.

Beyond all of that, Hebrew is a Semitic language, codifying culture and history, which traces continuously back through Semitic Sumerian (remember, AvᵊrãmꞋ was from Ūr, Mesopotamia) and Akkadian cuneiform—mid-BCE 3rd millennium!!! (Even the earliest Indian writing mss. (in contrast to oral tradition) date back only to cBCE 250.  While Arabic is also a Semitic language, the Arab account, the Quran, wasn't created until, at the earliest, c645 CE, ¾ of a millennium after the DSS, at the least!

cBCE 589-586: The Denucleation of YᵊhūdꞋãh
cBCE 589 First Denucleation by Shar NãꞋbū-kūd•ūri•ūt•zūrꞋ sieges, conquers & destroys Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim; implements 1st Denucleation  of ruling nucleus aristocracy of YᵊhūdꞋãh: Beit-Dã•widꞋ and Kō•han•imꞋ—in Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim only.

BCE 586Dãn•i•ælꞋ 1.1–6 recounts witnessing the final re-invasion and destruction of Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim by Shar NãꞋbū-kūd•ūri•ūt•zūrꞋ—and was himself (as was also Yᵊkhë•zᵊq•ælꞋ and Ëzᵊrã) ousted, exiled and dispersed to scattered locations in Bã•vëlꞋ; in a series of Denucleations that exiled the entirety of the ruling nucleus of YᵊhūdꞋãh: royalty—in Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim only—of Beit-Dã•widꞋ, along with the aristocracy—in Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim only—of Kō•han•imꞋ, to scattered locations in Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ by BCE 586.

We know that this assimilation marked the radical change of, inter alia, the Scripturally-mandated New Year in Firstmonth (the month of PësꞋakh) to the birthday of the mythical Neo-Bã•vël•iꞋ Ma•rᵊdūkhꞋ, in the Autumnal month of "Tishrei" as "Rōsh ha-Shãn•ãhꞋ"; the most conspicuous of many assimilations!

cBCE 586-570 — Yi•rᵊmᵊyãhꞋū b. cBCE 650, d. cBCE 570) "שִׁבְעִ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה‏ (70 70 Years) Of Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ
gold text-divider
BCE 559, Reign Of 𐏋 𐎤𐎢𐎽𐎢𐏁   Jr. "the Great" (garbled to "King Cyrus")
Over Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian)  Dynasty, Including YᵊhūdꞋãh

In BCE 550, Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã defeated and absorbed 𒅖𒌅𒈨𒄗,  the last Shãh of 𒆳𐎶𐎠𐎭  Tribal Confederacy, forming the Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian)  Empire.

BCE 539 — Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã Defeated Shãr Na•bū-naꞋid (Nabonidus) & Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ

Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã defeated Shãr Na•bū-naꞋid (Nabonidus), conquering and absorbing Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ into the Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian)  Empire, during the 3rd regnal year of Yᵊhō•yã•khinꞋ Bën-Yᵊhō•yã•qimꞋ, MëlꞋëkh of combined-YᵊhūdꞋãh in Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim.  

When Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã founded his Neo-Persian (Iranian) Empire, by conquering Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ in BCE 539, Dãn•i•ælꞋ had been living in Exile, restricted to the city of Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ for 47 years (since BCE 586).

Then, in BCE 539, Dãn•i•ælꞋ (& the other exiled nucleus of ex-government officials of YᵊhūdꞋãh) suddenly found themselves no longer restricted under Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã.

However, Yᵊhō•yã•khinꞋ Bën-Yᵊhō•yã•qimꞋ, "mëlꞋëkh" of combined-YᵊhūdꞋãh "ruled" in name only. Essentially he had acted as SãꞋtrap appointed by, under the authority of, and answerable to Shar NãꞋbū-kūd•ūri•ūt•zūrꞋ (later Shãr Na•bū-naꞋid (Nabonidus)).

When Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã conquered Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ, Yᵊhō•yã•khinꞋ Bën-Yᵊhō•yã•qimꞋ "ha-MëlꞋëkh" YᵊhūdꞋãh—in reality, Bã•vᵊliꞋ SãꞋtrap—was suddenly "between jobs" and applying for the job of Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian)  SãꞋtrap-"MëlꞋëkh" YᵊhūdꞋãh under Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã.

Following the Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian)  Empire's subjugation of Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ, Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã issued his famous דָבָ֗ר To Rebuild Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim, authorizing the Exiled nucleus (Beit-Dã•widꞋ & Kō•han•imꞋ aristocracy) of the former Ma•mᵊlãkh•ãtꞋ YᵊhūdꞋãh to "Return to Tzi•yōnꞋ" (i.e. YᵊhūdꞋãh). This officially ended the Neo-Bã•vël•iꞋ Denucleation. For this, Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã is singularly distinguished the only non-Yᵊhūd•iꞋ in Ta•na״khꞋ to be recognized as a Mã•shiꞋakh

The דָבָ֗ר Of Persian Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã
מֹצָ֣א דָבָ֗ר: Rebuild Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdãshꞋ (ZᵊrūꞋ-Bã•vëlꞋ)
Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã Renames Proto-Sinaitic lamedProto-Sinaitic alephProto-Sinaitic yodProto-Sinaitic nunProto-Sinaitic dalet  To 𒎐𒄡𒋀   

The accession of Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã, subjugating Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ, ended the Denucleation—beginning a period of voluntary-refugee residence for displaced Yᵊhūd•imꞋ. (Most of the assimilation occurred during the Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ Denucleation. However, although the Yᵊhūd•imꞋ—all of whom were either royalty (Beit-Dã•widꞋ) or aristocracy (Kō•han•imꞋ)—enjoyed diplomatic recognition and respect, social pressures continued to cause assimilation during the Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian)  period.

Yi•rᵊmᵊyãhꞋū: "70 Years Of Bã•vëlꞋ"/​Dãn•i•ælꞋ: "70 Weeks"

Commonly: "Jacob's Trouble"

(7+62=69) Septuples ("Weeks" Of Years; 69*7=483) Years

The כָּרֵת מָשִׁ֣יחַ נָגִ֔יד 

(Excision-Execution Of The Chief Mã•shiꞋakh!!!)

Dãn•i•ælꞋ  Explicates Yi•rᵊmᵊyãhꞋū 29.10 
"70 Septuples" From דָבָ֗ר To Rebuild Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim Until יִכָּרֵ֥ת מָשִׁ֣יחַ נָגִ֔יד 
"70 Septuples" Of Years
(70x7=490 Years) 3 Periods (With An Undetermined Interruption)

7 Septuples (49 years)

62 Septuples (62*7=434 years)

Subtotal: 69 Septuples (69*7=483 years)

יִכָּרֵ֥ת מָשִׁ֣יחַ נָגִ֔יד

(Noble  Mã•shiꞋakh Shall Be Excised-by-Execution!)

The duration of this interruption depends upon when the "70ᵗʰ Week", which can only be recognized when it occurs, begins—see Dãn•i•ælꞋ 12.6-7 with The 1993 Covenant Live-Linkᵀ 

1 Septuple (7 years—Split In Half)

Dãn•i•ælꞋ 9.24-27: The "70 Weeks"—70 Septuples Of Years (70x7=490 Years)

24 שָׁבֻעִ֨ים שִׁבְעִ֜ים have been carved-out for your am, and the Ir of your qō•dësh [i.e. Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim] to confine the pëshꞋa, to khã•tamꞋ khat•ō•ōtꞋ to kha•pærꞋ ã•wōnꞋ, to bring TzëdꞋëq to the vigorous youthful generations of the world; to seal Vision and Nã•viꞋ, and to mã•shakhꞋ the QōꞋdësh ha-Qã•dãsh•imꞋ…” intervening events leading to the end of the chronologically disconnected 70 70ᵗʰ Septuple, when things of the physical realm are translated into the non-physical realm of יְהוָׂה {Existant} 

"A Time" (Dan. 7.25 ) Initial 7 Septuples ("Weeks"), i.e. 49 Years—Dan. 7.25 )]

25 You  shall know and understand, From the מֹצָ֣א of the דָבָ֗ר to restore and rebuild Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim until מָשִׁ֣יחַ נָגִ֔יד is to be שָׁבֻעִ֖ים שִׁבְעָ֑ה;

"Times" (Dan. 7.25) 62 Septuples (Subtotal: 7+62=69 Septuples = 483 years)

“Then it will take 62 וְשָׁבֻעִ֞ים rebuilding it, from plaza to gold, even amid [winters'] seasonal constraint; 26   and after the 62 הַשָּׁבֻעִים֙, then

c מָשִׁ֖יחַ, וְאֵ֣ין לוׂ;

“Either הָעִ֨יר or הַקֹּ֜דֶשׁ  shall יַ֠שְׁחִ֠ית  the עַ֣ם of the Nã•gidꞋ who is coming, וְקִצּ֣וֹ shall be in a torrent. 

“So, until the קֵ֣ץ of מִלְחָמָ֔ה, that  [is what] נֶחֱרֶ֖צֶת  the שֹׁמֵמֽוֹת.

יִכָּרֵ֥ת מָשִׁ֣יחַ נָגִ֔יד
Interruption—Insufficient Data In Dãn•i•ælꞋ's Time To Predict Duration Chronologically Disconnected From The Initial 69 Septuples ("Weeks" of Years, Dan. 7.25 )
(An interruption following the excision-execution of the Mã•shiꞋakh Nã•gidꞋ was obvious and predictable; but the duration of the void was beyond Dãn•i•ælꞋ's vision horizon. Ergo, the timing of the resumption of his vision, recommencing with the "70ᵗʰWeek", was necessarily left to some analyst in his distant future, who would benefit from a sufficiently increased body of history to finally enable a calculation, resulting in an accurate prediction in advance of the beginning of "The 70ᵗʰ Week".)
"The 70ᵗʰ Week" (Septuple Of Years); Divided Into Two Halves (3½ Years Each)

27  Then, there shall become someone-dominant  hyping  a bᵊrit for many, for one shãv•ūꞋa.

“For the [first] half of the week, he will put an end to the zëvꞋakh and mi•nᵊkh•ãhꞋ

“Then, on the [other] כְּנַ֤ף [of the week],  [there shall become] שִׁקּוּצִים֙ מְשֹׁמֵ֔ם; and to the end, וְנֶ֣חֱרָצָ֔ה shall have been pouring [it] out on the שֹׁמֵֽם‎׃” 

The דָבָ֗ר Of Persian Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã Doesn't Satisfy Dãn•i•ælꞋ's Prophecy

If calculated from the issuance of the edict of Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã—in BCE 539, then 490 years later (539-490) yields BCE 49 as the predicted excision-execution death of the Chief Mã•shiꞋakh!

Nothing of such significance occurred in BCE 49.

Ergo, one must look for another occurrence of such a decree. As we will see, below, another such decree became necessary and was issued by a later successor of Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã.

Predicated Upon Which Calendar? Hebrew Lunar, Babylonian Luni-Solar, Zoroastrian, Or Modern?)

Due to the superior accuracy of the Bã•vᵊliꞋ luni-solar calendar, one of the first items Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã decreed was the adoption of the Bã•vᵊliꞋ luni-solar calendar. This was the local calendar in use by the Beit-Dã•widꞋ & kō•han•imꞋ Tzᵊdōq•imꞋ refugees in Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ & Bã•vëlꞋ, most likely even to communicate with each other, during Dãn•i•ælꞋ's lifetime. Just as Tᵊphutz•ãhꞋ Jews today use the Christian-era world calendar, the documented assimilation during their time in Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ/​Bã•vëlꞋ attests to their eschewing of the Biblical lunar calendar (e.g. Rōsh ha-Shãn•ãhꞋ, et al.).

cBCE 517 — Dā•a•ra•ya•va•ū•shã Becomes Shãh

Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã was succeeded by a son who reigned for only 8 years, then an uncertain figure reigned for a few months in BCE 522 before Dā•a•ra•ya•va•ū•shã, a Zoroastrian, became Shãh in BCE 517—and adopted the "wandering" Egyptian solar (spring New Year) calendar, used by the Zoroastrians, as the official calendar of the Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian)  Empire. This calendar set the beginning of the year in spring (following 5 prefatorial leap days, when needed). And thie was the calendar used daily by Dãn•i•ælꞋ

In any case, the timeline outlined by Dãn•i•ælꞋ would apply to the decree specified by, and well familiar to… wait for it… Dãn•i•ælꞋ!!! Roll eyes

Last Date Reference of Dãn•i•ælꞋ: BCE 517

The last date reference in the Book of Dãn•i•ælꞋ is to the first year of Shãh Dā•a•ra•ya•va•ū•shã, i.e. BCE 517. (One Talmudic tradition ventures, based on a tenuous account in Pirkei D'Rabbi Eliezer ch. 50, the highly tenuous theory that הַתּךְׁ was the killing of Dãn•i•ælꞋ by Hã•mãnꞋ (the AꞋmã•leiq•i villain of PūrꞋim). There is no certain connection (chronological or otherwise), however, between Dãn•i•ælꞋ and Hã•mãnꞋ, or PūrꞋim—the dating of which is uncertain and widely disputed.

Numerous Assimilation Strayings Embedded In Subsequent Copies Of Scripture 

During these exiles, first in the Bã•vᵊliꞋ Empire, and, at this point, in the Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian)  Empire, these Jewish former-ruler refugees in Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ significantly assimilated.

There was a distinct and important difference between the: the Bã•vᵊliꞋ sojourn was forced, an exile. By contrast, the sojourn in the Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian)  Empire was more of an uprooted refugee status. This appears to have manifested as their individual choice: to remain as an important, esteemed and well-recompensed royal consultant, or return to YᵊhūdꞋãh. Accordingly, there was only social pressure to assimilate under Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã. This began the "Return From Babylon" or "Return To Tzi•yōnꞋ"—beginning a lesser, Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian), assimilation.

Consequently, the most serious assimilations of this era  occurred during the Neo-Bã•vël•iꞋ Denucleation—between BCE 589 & BCE 539.

Not only were Hebrew Month Names changed—even by the scribes producing Tōr•ãhꞋ scrolls—to commemorate Neo-Bã•vël•iꞋ idols, the entire "New Year" was shifted from Tōr•ãhꞋ-defined "Firstmonth" in Hebrew,  (the spring month of PësꞋakh) to Autumn, commemorating the birthday of the Neo-Bã•vël•iꞋ idol Ma•rᵊdūkhꞋ—"Rōsh ha-Shãn•ãhꞋ!!!

(Hebrew Weekday Names were also assimilated, and later re-assimilated. However, these weren't adopted by the scribes in producing Tōr•ãhꞋ scrolls.)

Dãn•i•ælꞋ was doubtless explicating to his fellow exiled refugees (former rulers of YᵊhūdꞋãh) in Bã•vëlꞋ what his colleaague, Yi•rᵊmᵊyãhꞋū (who had returned to YᵊhūdꞋãh), meant in his writings (ch. 29 v. 10). Thus, it is unclear whether he and his fellow refugees from YᵊhūdꞋãh based these communications on the Judaic lunar calendar or the local Bã•vël•iꞋ luni-solar calendar. The heavy Babylonian-assimilation evident even in Scripture suggests that Babylonian-assimilated scribes in the time of Ëzᵊrã assumed the Babylonian luni-solar calendar. Scribes in the CE, as well as modern Jews, reverted to the Hebrew calendar. Through all of this, YᵊhūdꞋãh seems to have stayed with the Hebrew lunar calendar. Most Christians assume the modern calendar.

(For the math-careless who may have absent-mindedly added in a "zero year" {full disclosure: don't feel bad, I think I missed correcting that once, mistakes happen, we're fallible mortals}; |-1| + |+1|=+2, not 3 {by adding a "zero year"}!)

Zoroastrians: Ancestors Of The Ma•gū•ū•shã ("Magi")

Note: Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã was accompanied on his invasion of Neo-Bã•vëlꞋ by Dā•a•ra•ya•va•ū•shã, a Zoroastrian who succeeded him as Shãh of Bã•vëlꞋ in cBCE 550—and later, during his reign, switched the Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ  (originally Bã•vᵊliꞋ) Empire luni-solar calendar to the Zoroastrian calendar. Ergo, if a scribe transcribed the account of Dãn•i•ælꞋ before BCE 550, this shouldn't have affected the "70 Weeks" (of years), since the contemporary calculation would have been based on the decree of Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã

And, btw, while we're discussing calendars, the Christian calendar zero-point (presumed birth of Riyb"y ) is 7 years off from the historical & astronomical data of the Ma•gū•ū•shã ("Magi") and their "Star in the East". They began their journey from their home in Persia (modern Iran). Don't be a sap, look at a map! If they had followed a star in the East, they would have wound up on the eastern seashore of Shanghai, China—staring wistfully out to sea toward Japan! So think in their Zoroastrian terms of astrological-astronomy—as taught to them by Yi•rᵊmᵊyãhꞋū & Dãn•i•ælꞋ: a constellation in the eastern night sky and conjunctions of planets linked to the Mã•shiꞋakhכִּיּוּן & TzëdꞋëq.

When no excision-execution death of the Chief Mã•shiꞋakh occurred in BCE 49, those calendar calculations would simply have been scrapped, and a new calculation sought.

BCE 486: 𐎧𐏁𐎹𐎠𐎼𐏁𐎠   Reigns Rainbow Rule (≈50 Years After The Death Of Dãn•i•ælꞋ) cBCE 473—Estimated Birth Date of Child-King A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr. (garbled to "King Artaxerxes I")

Of course, contemporaries, like Dãn•i•ælꞋ, didn't have to guess. They knew, and would have referred to the date of birth as unchallenged common knowledge.

BCE 465: 𐎧𐏁𐎹𐎠𐎼𐏁𐎠   Assassinated (garbled to "King Xerxes 1")
gold text-divider
𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂  Empire (garbled to "Achaemenid") BCE 465-460 Political Intrigue Shrouds Succession, "generally thought to be" BCE 465. 

Since several dubious claimants to the throne succeeded Xerxes Sr. for several years, it's likely that the throne was retroactively attributed to A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr. from birth—cBCE 473. This was not an uncommon practice in the ancient world. Egyptians went so far as to deface and change history that had been chiseled in stone walls of their temples.

gold text-divider
BCE 465-454 𐏋 𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂  Sr. (garbled to "King Artaxerxes")

20ᵗʰ Year Of Shãh A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr.

The kbd>דָבָ֗רkbd>דָבָ֗ר Of Persian Shãh A•rᵊta•khᵊshaꞋssã Sr.
Commissioning Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ As פֶּחָם֮ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ יְהוּדָה֒ 

The decree commissioning Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ  as SãꞋtrap over YᵊhūdꞋãh, to rebuild Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim was issued

“Further, from the day that he decreed that I  be Deputy-SãꞋtrap in the land of YᵊhūdꞋãh  from year 20… לְאַרְתַּחְשַׁ֣סְתְּא

So it's well settled in Scripture that Shãh A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr. issued this decree in "his 20ᵗʰ year".

As the result of his father, 𐎧𐏁𐎹𐎠𐎼𐏁𐎠  , being assassinated, Shãh A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr. was crowned as a boy-king. As the Encyclopedia Iranica notes, "the still young Artaxerxes (Justin 3.1.3) ascended the throne"  — in BCE 465.

In ancient times, the age of adulthood (consent, majority) was 13 for boys (12 for girls). This is still the age of "religious" recognition in much of the Middle East. It seems likely, therefore, that "young", in the Middle East, for a boy, must have been less than 13, probably around 8 years old. This would indicate a birth year for A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr. becoming Shãh over the Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (8 years before BCE 465=) cBCE 473.

Every leading and responsible translator and interpreter of Ta•na״khꞋ to date admits to being completely baffled by the meaning of Dãn•i•ælꞋ 9.25-27 & ch. 12—as well as (often cluelessly unaware of it) the related "20ᵗʰ year of Shãh A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr. (Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ 5.14).

Further, ascending to the throne as a boy, it's not reasonable to assume that exercised his own strategizing, politicking, or decision-making; much less fighting. It would have been his older contemporary advisers in the ruling class who crowned him, protected him and exercised authority on his behalf on the throne until he reached majority.

In these ancient times (and today more than the public and historians know as well), the period of messy political intrigue following the assassination of his father (and perhaps some misdeeds of his father) merited no acknowledgment from the ruling class. Awkward events were lumped together and plastered over by the pre-adult figurehead reign of Shãh A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr. simply being extended back to his birth to delete it from history.

Thus, the fixing of the "20ᵗʰ year" of Shãh A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr. as understood by his contemporaries (including Dãn•i•ælꞋ & Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ,), likely differs from the scientific-historical reality. Yet, the contradictory "historical reality" as understood by their contemporaries (e.g., Dãn•i•ælꞋ & Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ) may now dangle, instead, from tenuous translator-interpreters' often-religious postulates (assumptions)!

As if these factors didn't matter, modern polemicists masquerading as historians and archaeologists often begin with the premise that Ta•na״khꞋ is a fable, therefore the prophecy fixing the date of the excision-death of the Mã•shiꞋakh must not be right! Ex falso quod libet based on a petitio principii is neither scholarly nor scientific; just ignorant!

Further, it perfectly resolves an enigma that has persisted for millennia, baffling everyone since at least the time of the Old Persian (Zoroastrian) Ma•gū•ū•shã (popularly "Magi"). How did the Ma•gū•ū•shã know, from whom did they learn, when (and where) to look for the prophesied Jewish (not Zoroastrian) Mã•shiꞋakh? And how does the "70 Weeks" prophecy of Dãn•i•ælꞋ resolve all of these questions in one fell swoop?

In short, historians are as correct as documents and science permits, but Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ, could only write the political and social reality that "everyone" then accepted; values and pressures that prioritized maintaining the order of proper succession, with no concern for chronology.

Rather than translate literally in a scholarly fashion, and leave the reader to decide, however, they too often exude great sanctimony in passing off their (usually concealed religious) view as the "translation". This is yet another (of countless) reason(s) that only the original earliest extant Hebrew and Aramaic texts are True "Bible". 

"מִשְּׁנַ֣ת עֶשְׂרִ֗ים‬… לְאַרְתַּחְשַׁ֣סְתְּא הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ"

("from year 20 … of 𐏋 𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂  Sr., the mëlꞋëkh.")

"20ᵗʰ [Regnal] year" of Shãh A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr.

The leading alternative interpretation is Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ's 20ᵗʰ Regnal year of Shãh A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr.—namely, BCE 465 (20 years prior to BCE 445).

But his regnal year is assumed. לְמַלְכוּת֙—as found in Dãn•i•ælꞋ 2.1, inter alia—is NOT stated in Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ relative to this year or this edict!

Yet, interpreters have always assumed it, calculating 20 years from his ascension to the throne. As a result, applying Dãn•i•ælꞋ's prophecy (7+62=69 septuples = 483 years) to the actual (scientifically more accurate) beginning of his reign (BCE 465) points to the year (BCE 465 - 483 =) 18 CE. No one has ever presented a serious Mã•shiꞋakh candidate excision-executed in 18 CE. So no serious analyst accepts BCE 445 as the date Dãn•i•ælꞋ was describing. It does not satisfy the criteria.

Ruler's Imposed PC vs Reality

True prophecy doesn't require extensive puny-mortal nudging and fudging to wrangle part of a large square peg in a small round hole. Folks have been missing somethin' vital.

"History is written by the victors." While this has long been a popular aphorism (understood by rulers from time immemorial), some of its ramifications have clearly not been factored into understanding Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ's record.

The knee-jerk interpretation of "20ᵗʰ year" is the "standard" regnal year, the year of the rulers' respective reigns. Yet, we know from ancient records that some rulers retroactively repudiated their predecessor, "erased" their predecessor from their own "official" (PR) historical record, and projected their own rule backward in its place. They "rewrote history" that was "official"—PC —during their rule, and discovered only after they died.

During the reign of that ruler, what the ruler decreed was "history" was the public's only reality—on pain of death. So if the ruler had reason to alter the beginning of his PC-reign, then for the length of his reign (during which, for example, Dãn•i•ælꞋ wrote and died) when that ruler said his reign began was when his reign "began". Fact/​reality, though important to logicians, scientists, archaeologists and historians, had nothing to do with the ancient ruler's imposed PC-reality.

Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ  Adhered To Ruler Dating For Ruler Matters

It was the only dating that most people in the realm knew. In those days, no one defied the ruler.

The years of intrigue preceding the ascension of Shãh A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr. leave a murky gap between the assassination of his father, Kzᵊ•sha•yã•a•rᵊ•sha•ã (Xerxes Sr.), and his own ascension to the throne. The king is assassinated for murky reasons, followed by feud involving familial as well as extra-familial, murders. Yet, this "murky gap" is bridged by the placement of child, A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr., the same year as the father's assassination. Gap gone. Embarrassing sordid past never happened in the ruling family. They've been dealt with. All's good now. Though modern governments provide for handling assassinations more promptly than prolonged feuds within ancient royal families, these intrigues are recognizable to us today—from Kennedy to Rabin to Diana to Litvinenko. People will be people, greed still reigns.

We cannot even rule out that the last few years of the father's reign, before finally being assassinated, may have been years of increasing senility, decadence or insanity; royal family embarrassment(s) that required being forgotten. In any similar scenario, the reign of his son, A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr., would, at some point, "officially" be "retroactive" for the period required. Since A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr. was only about 8 years old when he ascended to the throne, that would be the maximum that his "reign" could be "sold" to (imposed on) the realm. Such a retro-projection of the factual ascension date back to his earliest possible "officially recognized" ascension would be his birth—estimated by many sources to be cBCE 473!

BCE 453 — Official "20ᵗʰ year" of Shãh A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr.

Given the murky circumstances of the last year(s) of his father's reign, and his own ascension, when we apply Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ 5.14 to a "PC", or "official" (rather than factual) reign from birth, then his "official" regnal year would tend to coincide with his estimated birth—cBCE 473.

Then, his 20ᵗʰ (birth year &) Regnal year, when he issued this edict, would be
BCE 473-20 = BCE 453!

Unhappily for many religious apologists in historians' and archaeologists' clothing, grinding their axe, the seal falls away from the scroll and Dãn•i•ælꞋ's prophecy swings open.

Now the calculation Dãn•i•ælꞋ's prophecy becomes:
7+62=69 septuples = 483 years.

BCE 453 - 483 = 30 CE!

The prophecy of Dãn•i•ælꞋ then crystallizes with a profoundly documented historical event—memorialized in the world's most accepted daily calendar (even though the popes and calendar are 7 years off on the birth year ) of a mortal Yᵊhūd•iꞋ RibꞋi (not The Apostate Paul's divine god)!

No other calculation is credible. This is the only solution that dovetails with Ta•na״khꞋ and history—compelling evidence for scientists and historians with no pre-agenda! The only credible reason to reject this solution is either to present an alternative scenario that better fits both Scripture and scientific reality—not merely to carry the legless false premise that the "Ta•na״khꞋ must be false!"

Section Divider, Gold

BCE 441 — 32ⁿᵈ Year of A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr.

12 yrs later (BCE 453-12=BCE 441), the 32ⁿᵈ year of Shãh A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr. (BCE 473-32=BCE 441), Yᵊkhë•zᵊq•eilꞋ ha-Nã•viꞋ focuses Dãn•i•ælꞋ's prophecy (the כָּרֵת מָשִׁ֣יחַ נָגִ֔יד,⁠) recasting him as a post-mortal in an eternal setting.

Yᵊkhë•zᵊq•ælꞋ references the same event:

  1. Yᵊkhë•zᵊq•ælꞋ (34.22): "Then I shall save My tzōn, and they shall no more be a despised-victim",

  2. Marcus (US Army Col David Daniel) aka Michael Stone
    Designer and Builder of Israel's IDF and First de facto  IDF Chief-of-Staff: U.S. Army Col David Daniel Marcus, under-cover adviser designated by the US War Dept: "Michael Stone"

    Dãn•i•ælꞋ (12.1-7): "At that time, מִֽיכָאֵ֜ל  הַשַּׂ֣ר הַגָּד֗וֹל, shall be standing over בְּנֵ֣י עַמֶּ֒ךָ֒… (v2) Many, who are in a dazed-stupor from the ashes of the land  shall wake-up [from their stupor]—some to eternal life, and others to a world of grinding-correction and "antisemitism""

    When "the series-of-deracinating/dispersing the hand of am qō•dësh shall be done  then all of these [70 Weeks/Years] shall be done!"

Beyond Mortality
"Resurrection" Not Physical

Yᵊkhë•zᵊq•ælꞋ then elaborates, perceiving beyond the physical-mortal realm, peering into the post-death, non-physical realm, no longer in our universe.

יְהוָׂה {Existant} describes the post-physical מָשִׁ֣יחַ נָגִ֔יד (necessarily, by Tōr•ãhꞋ, a genealogically-documented descendant of Beit-Dã•widꞋ ) in a new, non-physical, eternal rôle as:

Section Divider, Gold


70 Septuples ("Weeks") Of Calendar Years

3 Periods: 7 + 62 + 1 = 70 Septuples ("Weeks")

  1. 7 Septuples ("Weeks") = 49 Calendar Years
  2. 62 Septuples ("Weeks") = 434 Calendar Years
    Total: 483 Calendar Years
    483 Calendar Years Forward From BCE 453 to יִכָּרֵ֥ת נָגִ֔יד 30 CE!!!
  3. "70ᵗʰ Week" (Septuple) Could NOT Have Been Calendar Years

    A "Week" (Septuple of years) after 30 CE, namely 37 CE, came and went millennia ago. There was no resurrection of dead in 37 CE nor anything else remarkable that year—except perhaps, according to some dubious sources, the Hellenist "epiphany" (Christianity) of The Apostate Paul. Ergo, there is an undefined interim period between the 69ᵗʰ and 70ᵗʰ "Week". So, when do the last 7 calendar "years", the "70ᵗʰ Week", resume???

    There was no way to calculate this in the time of Dãn•i•ælꞋ because he understood that the straits of the 69 "Weeks" would persist until "כְכַלּ֛וֹת נַפֵּ֥ץ יַד־עַם־קֹ֖דֶשׁ"‎! 

    Since the end of Israel's Dispersions weren't known, no calculation of the 70ᵗʰ Week was possible. No one could know. It was sealed. 

    Until mid-20ᵗʰ century CE.

    1948 changed everything. Only history will tell if 1948 has ended Israel's Dispersion Period. If 1948 is taken as the end of Israel's Dispersion Period, then some interesting calculations emerge (see my  The 1993 Covenant Live-Linkᵀ ).

    Section Divider, Gold
    70ᵗʰ Week—Septuple Of Mō•ad•imꞋ
    Divided Into Halves: לְמוֹעֵ֨ד, מֽוֹעֲדִ֜ים וָחֵ֗צִי‎ 

    Why Mō•ædꞋ here rather than shãv•ūꞋa, as previously?

    This suggests that the 70ᵗʰ Week is different; and packs a double meaning!

    1. 3½ calendar years, as well as

    2. 3½ of a secondary, greater projection: a derived ratio of shãv•ūꞋa-to-calendar-year of the "sealed-up" (but now-unsealed) interim period. See The 1993 Covenant Live-Linkᵀ 

    Conflict: Ëzᵊrã vs Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ?

    Lesser-informed polemicists posit that Ëzᵊrã  contradicts Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ regarding when and who issued the decree cited by Dãn•i•ælꞋ  to rebuild the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdãshꞋ.

    Ëzᵊrã cited  the decree in BCE 539 by Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã, while Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ  cited the decree in BCE 453 by the grandson of Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã, Shãh A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr.

    In a nutshell, there were 2 edicts to rebuild Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim. The first edict was by Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã.

    Why was there a 2ⁿᵈ דָבָ֗ר to rebuild Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim?
    The 𒀸𒋩𒆠 Shōm•rōn•imꞋ

    BCE 8ᵗʰ-7ᵗʰ Centuries Neo-Assyrian Empire
    Click to enlargeBCE 8ᵗʰ-7ᵗʰ Centuries Neo-Assyrian Empire of Sharū-kin (Sargon Jr.) Jr. during the forced exchange of popu­la­tions in BCE 722: the deracinating of Yi•sᵊr•ã•eilꞋ, uprooting every nëphꞋësh of Yi•sᵊr•ã•eilꞋ (the 10 Tribes); dispersing and deporting them to widely dispersed and isolated small ghettos of outlanders; where they assimilated, intermarried and melted unidentifiably into the local populations throughout the eastern parts of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. These became Neo-Assyrians, no longer distinguishable as any part of Yi•sᵊr•ã•eilꞋ.

    Simultaneously, Sharū-kin (Sargon Jr.) Jr. deported undesirables from across the Neo-Assyrian Empire in to repopulate the Shō•mᵊr•ōnꞋ—as permanent outlanders (subsequent "Samaritans"). Samaritans have never been any part of Am Yi•sᵊr•ã•eilꞋ.

    As the inspections for continuing the incomplete original rebuild recommenced, however, Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ -appointed SãꞋtrap over YᵊhūdꞋãh, Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ recounts (chapters 1-7) his encounters with armed enemy opposition from the Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ -appointed SãꞋtrap over the Shō•mᵊr•ōnꞋ, 𒀭𒌍𒋾𒆷,⁠ — leader of the Shōm•rōn•imꞋ army—combined with their armed allies.

    The Shōm•rōn•imꞋ were joined in their opposition to rebuilding Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim by their allies:

    1. the Õmōn•imꞋ (led by טוֹבִיָּֽה

    2. the A•rãv•imꞋ (led by غاشمو, most likely the documented king of the 𐪄𐪕𐪇 and

    3. the Pūlossians of their Port Colony in Ash•dōdꞋ .

    Millennia before telephone or radio, news traveled solely by maritime or horseback travelers, limited to what they, in turn, had seen, or heard by word of mouth. For the most part, the public knew only what the ruler wanted them to know. The accounts of the 86 years between these 2 Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian)  decrees relative to YᵊhūdꞋãh is mostly limited to what Ëzᵊrã and Nᵊkhëm•yãhꞋ—living in Persia—had heard from the mouths of a few travelers from YᵊhūdꞋãh. The accounts are somewhat muddled and confused.

    While there are significant gaps, it appears that the Shōm•rōn•imꞋ and their allies, fighting against the rebuilding of YᵊhūdꞋãh, likely complained and petitioned for a reversal of the decree; probably first, tentatively so as not to appear to defy the decree, to Kū•ū•rū•shã, and then (after a couple of pretenders—perhaps also related to the attempt to reverse the decree to rebuild YᵊhūdꞋãh—apparently quickly eliminated) to his successor, Dā•a•ra•ya•va•ū•shã—probably with no success.

    When we look at the successor to Dā•a•ra•ya•va•ū•shã (i.e. Kzᵊ•sha•yã•a•rᵊ•sha•ã), however, the political intrigue, claims of fraud, and finally yet another assassination strongly suggest a failed attempt to significantly change the direction of the Empire (again?). We know that the original decree was reversed—most likely, by Kzᵊ•sha•yã•a•rᵊ•sha•ã.

    The return to the original דָבָ֗ר of Kū•ū•rū•shã in BCE 539,⁠ by A•rᵊta-KzᵊshaꞋssã Sr. 86 years later in BCE 453,⁠ would then be a return to the original principles of the Empire.

    Still, the defiance of the Shōm•rōn•imꞋ, the Õmōn•imꞋ, the A•rãv•imꞋ and the Pūlossians raged against YᵊhūdꞋãh.

    Cultural Style: Calendar, Reasoning & Imagery

    The "70 Weeks of Daniel Prophecy"  was primarily written to fellow aristocratic-class of Yᵊhūd•imꞋ colleagues of the Denucleation (by NãꞋbū-kūd•ūri•ūt•zūrꞋ Jr., cBCE 586), who continued living in the Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian)  Empire. These colleagues would relate to its Neo-Persian (Iranian) Empire style of reasoning, imagery and style—i.e. in the Neo-Persian (Iranian) Empire (rather than BH:)!

    NãꞋbū-kūd•ūri•ūt•zūrꞋ Jr. denucleated YᵊhūdꞋãh, exiling only the ruling class, and primarily limited to those residing in Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim. Thus, when Ta•na״khꞋ refers to the ruling class of YᵊhūdꞋãh still residing in Persia, (now defunct, ceremonial-only) Kō•han•imꞋ are usually identified as such. A priori, all legitimate remaining members of the ruling class as defined in Ta•na״khꞋ (now defunct, ceremonial-only Lᵊwiy•imꞋ notwithstanding) were Beit-Dã•widꞋ.

    Similarly, the solar calendar of the Neo-Persian (Iranian) Empire was used,  rather than the expected Hebrew calendar.

    The Dãn•i•ælꞋ-Persian-Ma•gū•ū•shã ("Magi") Connection

    Few researchers have pondered how the 3 Persian-Ma•gū•ū•shã ("Magi" astrologers) of NHM knew when, and where, to look for a Mã•shiꞋakh Nã•gidꞋ in YᵊhūdꞋãh!

    Dãn•i•ælꞋ perceived and published this prophecy, to which the friendly Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã and his entire Royal Council were privy. It would have remained available in their libraries for those of the Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ (Original Persian-Iranian)  Empire with close ties to the Yᵊhūd•imꞋ. Thus, NHM is a 2-way confirmation, each of the other!

    Rainbow Rule © 1996-present by Paqid Yirmeyahu Ben-David,

Pay it forward (Quote & Cite):

Yirmeyahu Ben-David. 70 Septuples (Weeks) (2024.04.12). Netzar­im Jews World­wide (Ra'anana, Israel). https://www.netzarim.co.il/ (Accessed: MM DD, YYYY).

Rainbow Rule
Go Top Home (Netzarim Logo) Go Back

Nᵊtzãr•imꞋ — Authentic