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Gallery Of Anim­isms & An­thro­po­mor­phisms

Hellenized To LXX "Idolatry"

𒀭 Pronunciation Table

Sumerian An (Akkadian ᵊlū) Sky-god, Sun-god; demigod probably based on legends idolizing ancestral rulers who identified with physicomorphic celestial lights (sun, moon, stars), fire, wind, "living (moving) water" & occasionally moving earth (quakes).

Monarchs (kings, Par•ōtꞋ, Shãhs, etc.), by virtue of their power (rule, reign & throne), were believed to be (have become) king-gods. At death they were believed to join the stars in the night sky, ruling over assigned aspects of nature. "Sons of the gods" were (as the Christian "son of god"), therefore, believed to become king-gods by right of Divine Succession.

Cognates include Ugaritic 𐎛𐎍 (ᵊil•ūꞋ), pl. 𐎛𐎍𐎚 ᵊilū•imꞋ; Aramaic (& Phoenician) 𐤀𐤋 (ᵊl), pl. 𐤀𐤋𐤌 (ᵊlim); Hebrew אֵל (Eil) & אֱלֹהַּ (Ë•lō•haꞋ), pl. אֵלים (Eil•imꞋ) & אֱלֹהִים (ël•ōh•imꞋ) and Arabic الله‎.

Ilkunirsa (Il Creator of earth [il-kun-irsa]), Hittite cuneiform; husband of Asherdu (A•shᵊr•ãh, conflated with Ash•tōrꞋët)

الله‎ Arab Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phism  — Even after filtering out overwhelming flotsam of ill-informed anti-Islamist ranters, no one questions that the name Allãh clearly pre-dates Muhammad and Islam.

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Muslims sole, linchpin apology for Allãh is: "Etymologically, the name Allãh is probably a contraction of the Arabic al-Ilãh, 'the God.' The name’s origin can be traced back to the earliest Semitic writings in which the word for 'god' was il or el, the latter being used in the Hebrew Bible…" [Technical note: in obedience to Shᵊm•otꞋ 23.13; Dᵊvãr•imꞋ 12.3; and Yᵊho•shuꞋa 23.7, idol names are deliberately distorted in Hebrew. "Eil" is a distorted form to avoid uttering the forbidden idol name (il).]

corpse flower (Amorphophallus titanum)
Corpse flower (Amor­phophallus titanum)
il Canaanite creator idol, Megido
il — truncated to אֵל or distorted to אֱלְֹהַּ (to displace both il and its consort goddess, il•ãhꞋ), to avoid uttering the name of the Kᵊna•an•imꞋ creator god; found at MᵊgidꞋō, or its consort goddess.

Calling a corpse flower an orchid doesn't make it an orchid; nor any less a corpse flower. Judged the most disgusting smelling flower in the world, a corpse flower, by any other name, would smell as foul.

Without the Hebrew Ta•na"khꞋ, Islam has no documented connection to Avᵊrã•hãmꞋ at all, nor any other basis whatsoever.

Yet, deriving Allãh from Hebrew and the Judaic Ta•na"khꞋ is a double-edged sword. First, it acknowledges that the origin and Authority is Hebrew and Ta•na"khꞋ, not Arabic nor the Quran. Therefore, contradicting Ta•na"khꞋ demonstrates prima facie idolatry.

Second, the Hebrew Ta•na"khꞋ documents that Yi•sᵊr•ã•eilꞋ was repeatedly punished for dabbling in idolatry. Thus, Hebrew deific names used in Ta•na"khꞋ cannot be simple-mindedly regurgitated carte blanche just because they are Hebrew or in Ta•na"khꞋ. Extrication from idolatry and idolatrous names demands nanoscopic scrutiny. Each form must be carefully understood.

il — Ugaritic cuneiform; equates to Hebrew אֶלָה and Arabic Al•lahꞋ.

The Hebrew Ta•na"khꞋ and Yi•sᵊr•ã•eilꞋ obliterated and entirely removed the forbidden idol-god name (perhaps something like אֳלֹה) from our lexicon, displacing it with the abbreviated אֵל. While rabbis today use the terms אֵל and אֱלֹהִים interchangeably as substitutes for י‑‑ה, technically, they are not. As used in Ta•na"khꞋ, these words imply, respectively: (singular) "the forbidden-name idol regarded by the goy•imꞋ as god" and (plural) "the forbidden-name idol regarded by the goy•imꞋ as the gods." In place of all [regarded as] ël•oh•imꞋ (including אֳלֹה / Allãh) [by the goy•imꞋ], the Shᵊm•aꞋ in our Hebrew Ta•na"khꞋ teaches Yi•sᵊr•ã•eilꞋ that the only Prime Cause Singularity, encompassing all of the ël•oh•imꞋ conceived by the goy•imꞋ, is י‑‑ה.

By contrast, Muhammad, contradicting Ta•na"khꞋ, failed to completely eliminate idolatry from his Displacement Theology of Islam, retaining the complete Arabic form of the forbidden idol-god: Allãh. The Hebrew Ta•na"khꞋ, specifically the Shᵊm•aꞋ, declares that י‑‑ה, Alone as the Sole Singularity, has, for Yi•sᵊr•ã•eilꞋ, displaced all of the idolatrous ël•oh•imꞋ conceived by the goy•imꞋ lumped together—including אֳלֹה ‎ / الله‎ (Allãh)!

Since there is no credible dispute among historians that pre-Islamic Allãh had a pre-Islamic consort—Al•latꞋ, the consort puts the lie to any and all denials that Allãh was a pre-Islamic idol!!!

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اللات‎ (Al•atꞋ, or al-ill•ahtꞋ)Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2016.05.08]

Allaht (al-ilat)
Allaht (al-ill•ahtꞋ

Arab Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phism  — There is no credible dispute among historians that Allaht, fem. goddess counterpart of Al•lahꞋ; was an Arabian chief goddess of Mecca, the Arab equivalent of A•shᵊr•ãhꞋ and Ash•tōrꞋët and the pre-Islamic consort of Al•lahꞋ. This implacably precludes any argument that Al•lahꞋ was not a pre-Islamic idol!!!

While Muhammad ordered her idol and temple in Taif (100km east of Mecca) demolished in a commendable general effort to eliminate idolatry among Arabs, he salvagad her temple in Mecca—removing her idol (to his credit)—into today's Kaaba!

Allaht equates to the Hellenist Greeks' Athena (goddess of wisdom and war; daughter of Ζεύς), Hellenist Greek Aphrodite (goddess of love and sex; also a daughter of Ζεύς), equating to Ash•tōrꞋët, as well as Hãt-HōrꞋ and Ash•tōrꞋët.

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Amun (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]

Amun-Ra man wearing 2 ostrich plumes BCE15th Karnak relief
Click to enlargeAmun-Ra: man wearing 2 ostrich plumes; B.C.E. 15th century Karnak relief

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phism Amun ("invisible god"), originally depicted as a man wearing two ostrich plumes as a headdress and carrying the ankh and wass scepter.

Amun was husband of Amunet (fem. of Amun, meaning "invisible goddess"; equating to Wosret, who in turn equated, via IꞋsis, to the Arabs' Al•latꞋ goddess, wife of Al•lahꞋ).

Perceived by Egyptians to be the Chief God and King of Gods, Amun required men to confess their sins before praying to him; the prototype of the Hellenist Jesus.

Egyptians later syncretized Amun with Ra to become Amun-Ra, the self-created creator god — and then evolved to the head and curved horns of a ram as Ζεύς-Amun came to be identified with Ζεύς in ancient Hellenism.

Click to enlargeB.C.E. 5th century Hellenist Greek Amun-Ra syncretized into Ζεύς — inspiration for the 2nd-4th century C.E. Hellenist Roman syncretism into Jesus' face.

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Ugaritic: 𐎓𐎐𐎚, Aramaic: 𐤏𐤍𐤕, Hieroglyphic: a (D36), n (N35), ti (U33), i (M17), t (X1), (H8), (I12) [Updated: 2022.04.29]

Click to enlarge Anat — Sister-goddess of BaꞋal worshiped by BCE 7th–5th cen­tury Elephantine  Jews as the consort of a still-anthropomorphic יהוה. (photo: AFP/​Mohammed Abed)

A•nãtꞋ;Anat sister-goddess of BaꞋal, probably derived from Sumerian Inanna (aka RæꞋa), worshiped from the 𒆠𒂗𒄀 (Kᵊnᵊgir) to hieroglyph: Tawᵊ (Land-land {2 Lands, Upper & Lower}; Hellenized by disputed means to Αἴγυπτος (Aiguptos), Anglicized to Egypt; N16 ta landx2 dual) (𐤌𐤑𐤓𐤉𐤌).

A•nãtꞋ was also worshiped as the consort of a still-anthropomorphic יהוה by BCE 7th–5th century refugee-mercenaries from Yi•sᵊr•ã•eilꞋ, rebel secessionists unwelcome in YᵊhūdꞋãh, who had fled the 𒀸𒋩𒆠 (Neo-Assyria) deracination of BCE 722 and settled in friendly hieroglyph: Tawᵊ (Land-land {2 Lands, Upper & Lower}; Hellenized by disputed means to Αἴγυπτος (Aiguptos), Anglicized to Egypt; N16 ta landx2 dual) (𐤌𐤑𐤓𐤉𐤌) at Elephantine. Unknowingly, some Jews today still name a daughter after this idol-goddess.

Note: Some scholars miss this and anachronistically assign after-the-fact, "Babylonian Exiles" from Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim, YᵊhūdꞋãh to Elephantine. This is patently untenable. While the later, BCE 6th century (BCE 586) Bã•vᵊl•imꞋ destroyed the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdãshꞋ, they exiled only the top political and priestly leadership of YᵊhūdꞋãh, almost exclusively those living in Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim—which Elephantine Jews certainly were not! The Bã•vᵊl•imꞋ—only figuratively—"cut off the head" of their conquered adversary. This left most of YᵊhūdꞋãh—and "the Jews"—practically untouched, but leaderlessly dependent on, and subservient to, Bã•vëlꞋ (see the origins and development of Zūg•ōtꞋ). The Bã•vᵊl•imꞋ did not exile "the Jews". There was no Babylonian "Exile"; only a temporary exile of those of their leadership who had resided in Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim!

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Anubis mask
Anubis (glyph)

[Updated: 2018.02.13]

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phism Anubis — Due to the frequenting of wolves among the tombs, the wolf was believed to conduct the soul from the tomb to a set of judgment scales, where the heart was weighed on a scale against an ostrich feather.

Egyptian judgment Hunefer
Click to enlargeEgyptian Judgment scene from the Book of the Dead — In the leftmost of the three scenes, the deceasad is conducted into the Hall of Judgment by an Egyptian priest wearing the wolf-headed Anubis mask.

In the middle panel, Anubis weighs the heart of the deceased against an ostrich feather. A priest in an Ammut mask lurks under the right beam of the scale to devour anyone whose heart is heavier than the ostrich feather. A priest in an Ibis Tut mask records the results in a book of life and death.

Finally, the priest who wears the falcon HōrꞋus mask escorts the innocent deceased past Ammut, presenting the deceased to Ō•sirꞋis, seated on his throne; accompanied by the goddess sisters IꞋsis and Nephthys. (British Museum)

Anubis Tutankhamun Tomb wall Harvard-Getty 2001
Click to enlargeEgyptian priest wear­ing Anubis mask.

By the Middle Kingdom (c BCE 2100-1750), the role of Anubis mutated to Ō•sirꞋis.

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𒀭𒊹Pronunciation Table [updated: 2022.03.15]

Click to enlargeAsh•shūrꞋ City cBCE 911, on the west bank of the Tigris River (in modern northern Iraq)

Click to enlargeAsh•shūrꞋ (Assyria), national god (image: Nonphixion)

Ash•shūrꞋAshshur, Ashur, Assyrian, Aramaic & Hebrew אַשּׁוּר; originally the ancient municipal weather-god of Ash•shūrꞋ City, later Assyria. Adapted from Semitic (perhaps Sumerian) 𒂗𒆤 En•ᵊlil (later Elil).

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Aten (glyph)

[Updated: 2018.01.31]

Akhenaten & Aten
Click to enlargeAkhen-AtꞋen offering liba­tions to AtꞋen. Disk's rays pre­sent ankhs or mummy-resurrection (reani­mation, i.e. mouth-opening) tools — not human hands, which would be in­compatibly anthropomorphic.

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phism AtꞋen, the solar disk, the manifestation of Ra.

"In its early stages Atenism is best described as a henotheistic religion (a religion devoted to a single god while accepting the existence of other gods) but it developed into a proto-monotheistic system. The full extent of his religious reforms were not apparent until the ninth year of his reign. As well as proclaiming the AtꞋen the only god, he banned the use of idols with the exception of a rayed solar disc. He also made it clear that the image of the AtꞋen only represented the god, but that the god transcended creation and so could not be fully understood or represented. This aspect of his faith bears a notable resemblance to the religion of Moses, prompting Freud to suggest [anchronistically, since this was 1¾ centuries after Mōsh•ëhꞋ!] that Akhen-AtꞋen was the first Monotheist. … The AtꞋen was worshipped in the open sunlight, rather than in dark temple enclosures, as the old gods had been."

"But indeed, Akhen-AtꞋen's new creed could be summed up by the formula, 'There is no god but AtꞋen, and Akhen-AtꞋen is his prophet'."

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Hap (glyph)

[Updated: 2023.12.10] 

H (V28, wick) a (D36, arm & hand) p (Q3, stool?) not pronounced (Z4, duality determinate)  not pronounced (N36, water channel, canal)

Click to enlargecBCE 1650 𒄩𒀜𒌅𒊭 Bull-Leaper  wine-mixing urnClick to enlargecBCE 1525 Proto-Sinaitic memProto-Sinaitic yodProto-Sinaitic rëshProto-Sinaitic tzadi Bull-Leaper  fresco Knossos, Crete

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phismHap (popularly "Hapi", but I see no final "i" or "y" in the glyph; perhaps "Hap-mer"?), Hellenized (contrary to some sources) to Ἄπις mixed-gender god (fem. counterpart ᴷhãt-hōrꞋ).

Hap(i) was regarded by ancient Egyptians as the creator of the universe; thought to "fetch water" of the annual flooding of the Nile. For ancient Egyptians, the arrival of the annual Nile inundation was the "Arrival of Hap".

There is an Egyptian statue of "Hap" (Hellenized to Apis) but the horns and top of the statue have been cut off. Therefore, I opted to illustrate with the painting demonstrating the passage of the "soul" of a Tzūran king (in Egypt, Par•ōhꞋ) from one designated bull (since bulls die and have to be replaced), awaiting to inhabit the next designated bull—misidentified as a sport of "bull-leaping".

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hieroglyph Apep serpent snake

[Updated: 2021.04.07]

Apep;Apep,Chaos,snake,viper the serpent god — Ancient Egyptian equivalent of Sã•tãnꞋ sharing its origin with the serpent in the Garden of Eden.

Apep serpent snake speared by Set fm Ra sun boat (Cairo Museum)
Apep serpent/​snake speared by Set fm Ra's solar-barque (Cairo Museum)

The ancient Egyptians' primary god was Ra, their sun god. When ancient Egyptians saw the sun proceeding through the sky, they believed it to be the radiance from Ra in his solar-barque (sun-boat), being pushed along in its orbit around a flat earth by a dung-beetle (hence, the importance of the dung-beetle scarab).

By night, they imagined the sun proceeding in the return direction underneath their flat world, through what they believed to be the netherworld of demons. (Since they believed they had to make this trip at death to an eternal tomorrow, they—as well as Vikings and others—built solar barques to be buried with them.) In this netherworld, they believed that Ra was attacked each night by its great enemy, Apep. If Apep succeeded, then the sun would not rise the next morning!

As a result, ancient Egyptians could never be sure even that the sun would come up the next morning (much less the next moon, the next season, Nile Flood, etc.). Consequently, Apep was their Chief Demon and threat to their primary god—and Par•ōhꞋ was believed to rule by divine-right, having special influence with their gods to further the welfare of his people. After all, the sun did come up every morning, the lunar months, the seasons, the annual Nile Flood, etc. (Quintessential example of post hoc ergo propter hoc logic fallacy.) Thus, they were dependent upon Par•ōhꞋ even for the next sunrise.

Apep was so demonized by fearful Egyptians that "Every year, a ritual called the "Banishing of Apep" would be held by the priests of Ra. They would take an effigy of Apep and in the center of the temple they would pray that all the wickedness in Egypt would go into the effigy. Then they would trample the effigy, crush it, beat it with sticks, pour mud on it, and eventually burn and destroy it. In this way, the power of Apep would be curtailed for another year." This was the antecedent of today's annual Islamic practice of "throwing of the jamarāt" (stoning of the Devil) during the Haj to Mecca.

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[Updated: 2024.02.07]

; Bel originally Ma•rᵊdūkhꞋ 

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Pronunciation Table[Updated: 2022.02.27]

Baal-Hadad BCE15-13 Ugarit stele (Louvre) son of Dagon (Sumerian Ishkur) hammer & lightning)
Click to enlargeBaꞋal-Hadad, BCE 15-13th century Uga­rit stele (Louvre)

Ha•dᵊdūꞋ— Ugarit BaꞋal-worshiping 𐤀𐤓𐤌𐤉𐤀 (Aramean) idol-god of lightning & thunder, hammer-wielding, divine son of Dãg•ōnꞋ; originally Sumerian Ish•kūrꞋ; later Hebrew הֲדַ֜ד (Ha•dadꞋ & BaꞋal).

Ugarit belief held that BaꞋal (Ha•dᵊdūꞋ) was the son of Dãg•ōnꞋ.

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Hãt-HōrꞋ (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]

Hat-Hor = Isis Golden Calf-mask
Hãt-HōrꞋ = IꞋsis Golden Calf-mask
Click to enlargeHãt-HōrꞋ = IꞋsis (right) intro­duces Queen Nephertari (left) to Ō•sirꞋis (on wall to right); wall painting in the tomb of Nephertari.

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phism Hathor, Hat-Hor Hãt-HōrꞋ, cow / heifer (origin of "holy cow") goddess of sex and fertility, wife (variously) of HōrꞋus and Ra, welcoming the dead into eternal afterlife; depicted by the solar disk with WadjꞋet between the horns of a cow.

The face and head-dress of Hãt-HōrꞋ = IꞋsis was the pattern for the "Golden Calf" מַסֵּכָה.

Greek Hellenists syncretized Hãt-HōrꞋ to their goddess Aphrodite = Ash•tōrꞋët while Arabs syncretized it into Al•latꞋ and later Roman Hellenists syncretized it into Venus.

Hãt-HōrꞋ / IꞋsis / Ash•tōrꞋët is the original prototype of "Mary Mother of God."

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Hor-em-akht (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]

Click to enlargeHōr-em-akht (later Hellenized to "sphinx") guarding the pyramid — evidence of Yᵊtzi•ãhꞋ: original face of Khãt-shepꞋset defaced, erased from Egyptian history

Hōr-em-akht  — Hellenized, millennia later, and misleadingly called the Great “Sphinx” (a Greek cognate of “sphincter” meaning “strangler”) by Hellenists—not Egyptians—who believed a "strangler god" guarded the gate to the afterlife.

Click to enlargeHōr-em-akht with face of Queen-Par•ohꞋ Khãt-shepꞋset (Metropolitan Museum)

Beyond a few cosmetic similarities to Greek statues of millennia later, the Greek-derived term sphinx (= strang­ler) has nothing to do with the much earlier ancient Egyptian statues. Hōr-em-akht originally represented HōrꞋus, god of the dawn, with the head of a ram (the guardian against the demons of the netherworld) on the body of a lion (the guardian of Ra).

Click to enlargeEarlier Hōr-em-akht with head of ram and body of lion

Two sculptures of Hōr-em-akht, back-to-back, guarding the comings and goings of Ra, symbolized, for Egyptians, the rule of the universe.

The Egyptian Hōr-em-akht statues bear a far closer resemblance to the kᵊruv•imꞋ (corrupted to “cherubim”) and sᵊrãph•imꞋ described by Yᵊkhë•zᵊq•eilꞋ (1 & 10) and Yᵊsha•yãhꞋu (6). See also, inter alia, Ancient Mysteries, Guardian of the Ages: The Great Sphinx, A&E Television Networks and The History Channel, 1996.

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Horus (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]

Horus (tomb of Horemheb, Thebes)
Horus mask featuring the Double-Crown of Combined Upper & Lower Egypt (tomb of Horemheb, Thebes)

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phismHorus  ("falcon"), originally brother of Ō•sirꞋis, over time evolved to the son of IꞋsis and Ō•sirꞋis—"the Son of God"!

Horus was the sky god of warriors, hunters and kings, depicted as a man with the head of a falcon wearing a combination of the red (Lower = north Egypt) and white (Upper = south Egypt) crowns; variously the son / husband of Hãt-HōrꞋ (often equated with IꞋsis).

12 year old Princess, and future Queen-Par•ohꞋ, Khãt-shepꞋset, identifying herself with IꞋsis (incarnate), interpreted her discovering the infant Mosh•ëhꞋ floating among the reeds of the Nile as prophetic: that she had found Horus, born, via herself (as IꞋsis-moses) and the recovered body parts of Ō•sirꞋis that had been scattered in the Nile. It is likely that the true mother of the Hebrew infant, Yō•khëvꞋëd, counted on the princess' belief in Egyptian idolatry to save him.

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ἸχθύςPronunciation Table [Updated: 2019.12.01]

Christian Ἰχθύς (fish) symbol
Christian Ἰχθύς (fish) symbol

ikh•thūs (Greek); fish; symbol adopted from Pᵊli•shᵊt•inꞋ, Aegean “Sea-People” colonists, who, having lost their capital Aegean island of Thæra in the Thæran Eruption—inexorably led to corresponding loss of faith in their Kᴴa•tᵊ•tūꞋshan gods; consequently adopting the sea god of their new land—the merman fish-god theology that dated back to fish-centric NinꞋᵊweih theology similar at its core to their own sea-god theology.

This fish-god theology eventually evolved into the merman-god Triton (son of sea-god Poseidon), which thenceforth mutated into the Dãg•ōnꞋ fish-god theology of the Pᵊli•shᵊt•inꞋ, Aegean “Sea-People” colonists who took refuge in the coastal regions of the Eastern Medierranean, the Egyptian Delta and the Levant, in the wake of the destruction of their island capital by the Thæra eruption.

The original (i.e. post-Paul gentile Roman Hellenist) Christians syncretized this fish-god tradition into the originally preferred of the two earliest Christian symbols (the other symbol being the cross). These Greek-speaking gentile Roman Hellenist original Christians also developed an acronym for this symbol, in Greek (not in Hebrew, which gentile Roman Hellenists didn’t understand), for “Iesous Khristos, Theou Uios, Soteir” (JC, god’s Son, Savior).

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Εἰδωλολατρία Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2022.12.12]

Idolatryidolatry,idolatrous—from the ≈BCE 170  Hellenist Greek LXX; has no corresponding single Hebrew source term in Ta•na״khꞋmore

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Athtart, fem. of Akkadian masc. Ishtar (Ugaritic cuneiform)
עַשְׁתֹּרֶת,Pronunciation Table Ἀστάρτη, ‎اللات‎, [Updated: 2019.12.21]

Click to enlargeIshᵊtarꞋ

Egyptian, Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Aramaean Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phism Akkadian (masc.) IshᵊtarꞋ  — feminized to the goddess-idol of love & war: Athtart, later deliberately corrupted to Ash•tōrꞋët) is frequently condemned in the Bible.

Athtart was the primary inspiration molding the parallel lunar (i.e., moon, sex & fertility) goddesses of Arabia (Al•latꞋ, also known as al-ill•ahtꞋ, fem. of Al•lahꞋ), Hellenist Greece (Aphrodite) and Hellenist Rome (Venus)—making it also the origin, hatched by the latter (namely, Rome), of the Hellenist Roman Christian Easter and Easter eggs, symbolizing rebirth! Decoration of eggs dates back in Egypt and Sumeria 5,000 years.

Sadly, the בֵּיצָה on the PësꞋakh SeiꞋdër plate doesn't date back beyond the Gãl•utꞋ of 135 C.E. and resulting assimilation—adopting the "Easter egg" by giving it a "Jewish" theme—like an "Xmas bush"!

In Egyptian idolatry, Athtart was equated to a daughter of Ra and IꞋsis, later Hellenized to Greek Astarte-Ashtoret idolatry that is so frequently reviled by the Bible — converged with Aphrodite (Budin, Stephanie L. (2004). "A Reconsideration of the Aphrodite-Ashtart Syncretism". Numen 51 (2): 95–145.), — becoming a Sã•tãnꞋ prototype.

Ash•tōrꞋët / Hãt-HōrꞋ / IꞋsis is the original prototype of "Mary Mother of God" (Loverance, Rowena (2007). Christian Art. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-674-02479-3; inter alia).

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Isis (glyph)
[Updated: 2019.12.21]

<s>Isis</s> as falcon <s>goddess</s>
Click to enlargeIsis as falcon (kite) goddess (wall painting, tomb of Seti I in the Valley of the Kings, ca. B.C.E. 1380-1335)
Isis giving ankh to Paro Seti Sr temple Abydos
Click to enlargeIꞋsis (left) giving ankh to Par•ohꞋ Seti Sr.; temple at Abydos, Egypt.

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phismIꞋsis  ("throne") was depicted by Egyptians as a woman wearing a falcon or throne head-dress and eventually equated with Hãt-HōrꞋ.

In keeping with the Egyptian tradition of Pharaohs keeping their "royal blood" in the family (incestuously), Mother IꞋsis married her brother-god, Ō•sirꞋis.

Mother IꞋsis conceived by Father Ō•sirꞋis god, giving birth to "the Son of God," HōrꞋus, who was resurrected by Mother IꞋsis after being murdered by Set (which later symbolized Rome, prefiguring Hellenist Roman Christianity).

The “Queen of the Heavens” Sacred Loop (Bow or Knot)

IꞋsis Loop” (Egyptian Hieroglyph, Gardiner-V39 tit (tyet): Rea/Isis Loop). See also RëꞋa

Supposed IꞋsis-incarnate Egyptian Princess

The 12 year old princess of Shᵊm•ōtꞋ 2, identifying herself with IꞋsis (incarnate), interpreted her discovering the infant Mosh•ëhꞋ floating among the reeds of the Nile as prophetic: that she had found Horus, born, via herself (as IꞋsis-moses) and the recovered body parts of Ō•sirꞋis that had been scattered in the Nile. It is likely that the true mother of the Hebrew infant, Yō•khëvꞋëd, counted on the princess' belief in Egyptian idolatry to save him.

Hat-Hor = Isis Golden Calf-mask
IꞋsis = Hãt-HōrꞋ Golden Calf-mask

IꞋsis / Hãt-HōrꞋ / Ash•tōrꞋët is the earliest known prototype of "Mary Mother of god" (Loverance, Rowena (2007). Christian Art. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-674-02479-3, inter alia).

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amar-utu (Mardukh)
a•mãrꞋūt•ū (MãrᵊdūkhꞋ)
[updated: 2024.02.26] 

Click to enlargeBCE 8th century — Ma•rᵊdukh; Neo-Assyrian cylinder seal impression. Creation-flood myth cele­brating Babylonian New Year festival Akitu in "Nisan"

𒀭𒀫𒌓 (Ma•rᵊdukhꞋ)Marduk,Bel aka 𒀭𒁁𒂖 (Bæl, conventionally "Bel", (paralleled Semitic-Hebrew BaꞋal); Hebrew מַרְדוּךְ (Ma•rᵊdukhꞋ); also aka Enlil )— "solar bull calf"—paralleling the Kit•imꞋ bull; later, after the LBAC , the Greek Ταῦρος. The Babylonian/​Akkadian "Creator and Lord of the Gods of Heaven and Earth", whose "star" was Jupiter (lᵊ‑ha•vᵊdilꞋ in Hebrew, TzëdꞋëq, planet of the Mã•shiꞋakh).

The practice of the 7th-10th century CE Masoretes, who first codified modern Hebrew vowels, likely reflects early tradition to deliberately garble the names of foreign idols so as avert inadvertant contravention of Tōr•ãhꞋ forbidding vocalization of idol names (the original intent of Tōr•ãhꞋ being to forbid "calling on" them as foreign ël•ōh•imꞋ). Thus, we find Ma•rᵊdūkhꞋ garbled in Yi•rᵊmᵊyãhꞋū 50.2 & 52.31 as Mᵊrō•dãkhꞋ.

Ma•rᵊdūkhꞋ is also the base of the name "Mordecai" of PūrꞋim—which similarly lionizes Ës•teirꞋ (origin of Easter)! These are confirmation of the extent of BCE 6th century Babylonian assimilation.

The conjunction of the planets Jupiter & Saturn, presumably linked in some way to the constellation 𒀭𒀫𒌓 (Taurus), was predicted by Dãn•iy•ælꞋ in his "70 Weeks" during his time exiled in the Akh•sa•kh•ëmꞋ  Persian Empire, when Shãh Kū•ū•rū•shã issued the edict to rebuild Yᵊrū•shã•laꞋyim—which is how the Persian Magi knew where and when to look for the Jewish Mã•shiꞋakh. See NHM 

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hieroglyph Min
Min (hieroglyph)
[Updated: 2021.06.15]

Min was an Egyptian god of fertility and sexuality. Wall reliefs depict Min as a dark-skinned human, standing with its feet close together while holding a flail in its upraised right hand above its head and holding its erect penis in its left hand. Its headpiece is usually the two plumes of Amun , and it has two streamers hanging down the back its neck. In the pictured wall relief, it stands in front of a garden of long-leaved, Lactuca sativa, var. longifolia (Romaine) lettuce, a variety also grown in Israel in ancient times.

Min by lettuce garden (wall relief Karnak near Luxor, Carole Reeves
Click to enlargeMin — Egyptian god of sex & fertility, standing in front of a garden of Lactuca sativa, var. longifolia (Romaine) lettuce. (photo: wall relief, Karnak; Carole Reeves)

“For nearly 3,000 years lettuce was associated with the Egyptian god of fertility, Min, for its resemblance to the phallus

“Lettuce has been harvested for millenia—it was depicted by ancient Egyptians on the walls of tombs dating back to at least [BCE 2,700]. The earliest version of the greens resembled two modern lettuces: romaine, from the French word “romaine” (from Rome), [derived from the Aramaic/​Hebrew חַסָּא, mistakenly] believed to have been found on the island of Kos, located along the coast of modern day Turkey.”

“[Min] was associated with the Egyptian long-leaf lettuce… which was considered to be an aphrodisiac, as it is shaped like a phallus and secretes a milky substance which was likened to semen.” Min was often shown standing before offering tables piled with heads of lettuce.

lettuce Lactuca sativa longifolia
Click to enlargeLettuce: Lactuca sativa longifolia

“But in Ancient Egypt around [BCE 2,000], lettuce was not a popular appetizer, it was an aphrodisiac, a phallic symbol that represented the celebrated food of the Egyptian god of fertility, Min. (It is unclear whether the lettuce’s development in Egypt predates its appearance on the island of Kos.) The god, often pictured with an erect penis in wall paintings and reliefs was also known as the “great of love” as he is called in a text from Edfu Temple. The plant was believed to help the god “perform the sexual act untiringly.”

“Salima Ikram, Professor of Egyptology at the American University in Cairo who specializes in Ancient Egyptian food explains Min’s part in lettuce history…

“But in Ancient Egypt around[BCE 2,000], lettuce was not a popular appetizer, it was an aphrodisiac, a phallic symbol that represented the celebrated food of the Egyptian god of fertility, Min. (It is unclear whether the lettuce’s development in Egypt predates its appearance on the island of Kos.) The god, often pictured with an erect penis in wall paintings and reliefs was also known as the “great of love” as he is called in a text from Edfu Temple. The plant was believed to help the god “perform the sexual act untiringly.…

“The first of these depictions appeared around [BCE 1970-80] in the The White Chapel of Senusret I…

“One of the reasons why [Egyptians] associated the lettuce with Min was because it grows straight and tall—an obvious phallic symbol,” Ikram says. “But if you broke off a leaf it oozed a sort of white-ish, milky substance—basically it looked like semen.”

Interestingly, Hebrew מִין seems to be borrowed from the Egyptian god name!

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𐎷𐎰𐎼, Miθra Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2024.01.11]

Mithra; ancient Iranian—later Roman—deity of covenants, light, oath, justice, the sun (paralleling Egyptian ), contracts, and friendship; a judicial figure, all-seeing protector of Truth, and guardian of cattle, harvest, and the waters.

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Nekhbet vulture-god
[Updated: 2021.04.07]

Nekhbet (mother) — vulture goddess of motherhood & childbirth, associated with the color white; counterpert of WadꞋjet .

Wadjet eye of Horus
Click to enlargeEye of HōrꞋus guarded by "the two goddesses (and crowns) of (Upper & Lower) Egypt": WadjꞋet wearing the deshret crown of Lower Egypt with the uraeus (rearing spitting cobra) on the right, Nekhbet wearing the hedget Ō•sirꞋis (when flanked by ostrich feathers) crown of Upper Egypt on the left.

Nekhbet became identified as the ultimate mother: i.e. Hãt-HōrꞋ— of later "Golden Calf" infamy.

Thus, this egg-laying white vulture mother-goddess morphed to twin the theme of an egg-laying white vulture-mother with the theme of mammal mother/​(re)birth Hãt-HōrꞋ—likely the ultimate origin of the "Easter Egg". (The "Easter Bunny" wasn't dreamed up until 17th century CE German Lutherans.)

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 Nabu (Babylonian Cuneiform)
Nabu (Babylonian Cuneiform)

נָבּוּPronunciation Table [Updated: 2024.02.27] 

NãꞋbū, (divinity prefix Nᵊvū-□, popularly Nebo or Nebū-□); the Babylonian god of literacy worshiped by Babylonians as the Supreme God Ma•rᵊdūkhꞋ. Semitic Hebrew Nã•viꞋ very likely branched off from the same origins and meanings as this Semitic Akkadian-Sumerian.

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Osiris (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]

Osiris wall painting. tomb Pashedu, Deir el-Medina, Thebes (Luxor)
Click to enlargeŌ•sirꞋis (green-skinned man) wall painting, tomb Pashedu, Deir el-Medina, Thebes (Luxor)

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phismŌ•sirꞋis  symbolized resurrection; depicted as a green-skinned man (the color of resurrected crop greenery following the annual flooding of the Nile) or black (color of the fertile Delta soil), a beard symbolizing eternity (the "pharaoh's beard") and partially mummy-wrapped at the legs, epitomizing the transition from death to eternal afterlife.

Ō•sirꞋis is also the origin epitomizing divine right to rule (still claimed today by every king and queen), holding the crook and flail; and rule over combined Upper (southern) and Lower (northern and Delta) Egypt, often wearing a distinctive crown with two large ostrich feathers (symbolizing Upper & Lower Egypt) at either side.

Ō•sirꞋis was the Father-God (by IꞋsis, the Mother-goddess) of HōrꞋus: the "Son of God"! This is the ultimate origin later syncretized by Hellenist Roman idolaters of the 2nd-4th centuries C.E. into the concept of the Father-God, "Mother of God" and "the Son of God."

Like Ra (the sun) was thought to spend each night in the underworld and resurrect each morning, his son, Ō•sirꞋis, was regarded as a merciful god of the dead, God over transition from death to resurrection and afterlife. In the 2nd-4th centuries C.E., Hellenist Roman idolaters syncretized this theme into Jesus' supposed power over sin, death and resurrection.

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Ptah (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]

Click to enlargePtah (Tomb of Ra-moses Sr., Valley of the Kings, West Bank of the Nile, Luxor, Egypt).

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phism — creator god, depicted as a man wearing a skullcap who conceived the world and spoke it into existence; also the god of craftsmen and architects. Ptah became identified with Ō•sirꞋis.

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Ra (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]

Ra sun-god (with Imentet), tomb of Nephartari
Click to enlargeRa, the sun-god over an Egyptian priest wearing an Ō•sirꞋis mask, holding the ankh and wass scepter.

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phismRa the self-created creator and sun-god, believed to cruise the sky during the day in its Solar Boat and through the netherworld during the night, culminating in a confrontation with the evil Apep serpent god that had to be defeated every night.

Every night, Ra delegated the battle with the evil Apep serpent to the violent-disorder-foreigner god Set, depending upon Set's victory for Ra to be "born-again" every morning. (This is the original derivation, syncretized by the Hellenist Roman idolaters of the 2nd-4th century C.E., into Jesus' victory over death enabling Christians to be "born-again.")

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Ῥέα Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2019.12.19]

Khattushan Rea Knossos palace fresco  abstract-fish sacred-loop
Click to enlargeRëꞋaKᴴa•tᵊ•tūꞋshan “Goddess Of The Heavens” (c BCE

RëꞋa (also Rhea);Rhea,Rea The (Hellenic Mycenean) Kᴴa•tᵊ•tūꞋshan-Pūlossian’s “Queen of the Heavens”; Chief Deity of the Aegean-Mediterranean “Sea People” Thalassocracy; believed to be the Mother-Goddess of the world—thus conflating, via both maritime and land trade merchants, with Egyptian IꞋsis, moon-goddess Hãt-HōrꞋ, Sumerian Inanna/​, Mesopotamian-Assyrian Ishtar/​Astarte /​Asherah/​Easter, Greek Aphrodite and Mary Mother of God as well as Oannes/​Enki/​Dag•ōnꞋ.

RëꞋa’s identification with the sea and mythical merman gods is immediate: RëꞋa was believed to be the daughter of Oceanus (divine personification of the ocean) and Tæthus, mother of the river gods and the mermaids (sea nymph deities). The (Hellenic Mycenean) Kᴴa•tᵊ•tūꞋshan-Pūlossians likewise believed that RëꞋa was the mother of Poseidon, who, with his consort, Amphitrite, gave birth (among other gods) to a merman sea-god, Triton—“always conceived as presenting the human figure in the upper part of their bodies, while the lower part is that of a fish”) as well as Ζεύς.Amphitrite, [conflated with both RëꞋa and Greek] Athena, is the paredros of the deity who was worshipped by the Philistines as Dãg•ōnꞋ, [which] in Greek lands became Triton, Apollo Delphinius, Poseidon [and] Ζεύς.”

Fish accompanied the Kᴴa•tᵊ•tūꞋshan motifs on pottery, wall paintings, etc. The whole gamut of Kᴴa•tᵊ•tūꞋshan figurines (idols), however, have been largely exposed as forgeries. Imagery, consequently, is limited to wall frescos excavated by archeologists with provenance to Knossos, Palaikastro (Crete) or Akrotiri (Kal•lisꞋtæ).

RëꞋa is depicted wearing the “IꞋsis Loop” (Egyptian Hieroglyph, Gardiner-V39 tit (tyet): Rea/Isis Loop, “Sacred Knot”) bow on her back, which is likely an abbreviated abstraction (like the ikhꞋthūs) of their maritime fish priestly garb (and, perhaps, inspiring angelic wings and “Wonder Woman” with her magic lasso in foreign cultures). The “IꞋsis Loop” identifies this not as a mere priestess; in the Kᴴa•tᵊ•tūꞋshan religion, this (perhaps a living queen) was the their principle goddess “incarnate”: RëꞋa.

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Set (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]

Click to enlargeEgyptian priests wearing wolf-god Set mask (left) and Ō•sirꞋis mask (right) bless Ra-moses Jr. (center, Temple at Abu Simbel, Nubia, Southern Egypt)

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phism wolf mask, worn by an Egyptian priest; god of the desert, storms, disorder, violence and foreigners.

Younger son of Ra, Set was the brother of Ō•sirꞋis.

While it was Set who dispatched the evil Apep serpent every night, enabling Ra to be reborn every morning, it was also Set who murdered his older brother, Ō•sirꞋis, in order to take the throne.

To prevent Ō•sirꞋis from resurrecting himself like (Egyptians believed) their father, Ra, did every morning, Set butchered Ō•sirꞋis and scattered his body parts throughout the Nile.

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𒂗𒍪 Pronunciation Table[Updated: 2022.03.20]

Sin-Nanna (moon god) limestone stela, Aleppo (Tell Ahmar). Syria BCE8th Century (Getty)
Click to enlargeSin-Nanna — Sumerian & Akkadian Son of God, Moon-God with bull-horn  crescent moon symbol

Sumerian-Akkadian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phism 𒂗𒍪 — BCE 4th–3rd millennia Mesopotamian deity pronounced Sumerian Nanna, Semitic-Akkadian Sin: the moon-god Son of God; centers of worship located in Ūr & Khã•rãn—both residences of Avᵊrã•hãmꞋ.

Mesopotamian counterpart of Egyptian Hãt-HōrꞋ.

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𐎚𐎘𐎁 (Tō•tãvꞋ/"Teshub")Pronunciation Table [Updated: 2023.12.15]

Teshub holding axe & trident-thunderbolts neo-Hittite stele
Click to enlargeᴷHittite (Kit•imꞋ) Chief & Weather god Tō•tãvꞋ (transgarbled to "Teshub") holding axe & trident-thunderbolts neo-Hittite stele cBCE 750-700.

Transliterated directly from 𐎚𐎘𐎁 cuneiform into Hebrew: טׂתָב, conventionally "Teshub"); chief among the Kit•imꞋ ("Hittite") gods; symbol: the bull. Generally depicted as a bearded man, wearing a bull-symbol helmet (otherwise somewhat similar to the Cucumis melo conomon melon  crown of Upper Mi•tzᵊr•ayꞋim), bearing an axe and trident-lightning bolts, astride 2 mountains (symbolizing their 2 bull-gods Tella (with a gold-plaited tail) & Seris

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 Djehuty deity (G26: ibis on perch) t (X1: bread loaf) - (not pronounced) duality(Z4: 2 slashes) Ibis deity (C3: priest in Ibis mask, seated)

[Updated: 2017.03.17]

Click to enlargeEgyptian priest wearing Tut mask (center) accepts offerings from Ra-moses III.

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phismDjehuty Hel­le­nized to Θώθ, then An­gli­cized to Tut/​Thoth/​Tuth; originally thought to be the ibis (or baboon) moon-​god, thus conflated with Yah.

Over time, Egyptian beliefs evolved it into their scribe-god of learning (specifically, cryptanalysis) who invented hieroglyphics and supposed author of the original "Book of Magic"; symbolized by the writing palette or reed pen.

Tut was key in deriving the ritual enabling IꞋsis to bring Ō•sirꞋis back from the dead. It was Tut that drove Set's magical poison from IꞋsis' son, HōrꞋus, with the power of its magic.

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Wadjet rearing green spitting cobra god
WadjꞋet (glyph)

[Updated: 2016.05.08]

Wadjet eye of Horus
Click to enlargeEye of HōrꞋus guarded by "the two goddesses (and crowns) of (Upper & Lower) Egypt": WadjꞋet wearing the deshret crown of Lower Egypt with the uraeus (rearing spitting cobra) on the right, Nekhbet wearing the hedget Ō•sirꞋis (when flanked by ostrich feathers) crown of Upper Egypt on the left.

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phismWadjꞋet symbolized by a rearing green spitting-cobra goddess, protector of Lower (i.e., northern) Egypt.

When a daughter-goddess of Ra, became lost (despite her being the "Eyes of Ra"; her left eye being the moon-god Tut and her right eye being the sun-god Ra), he sent WadjꞋet to find her. When WadjꞋet succeeded in finding and returning her, WadjꞋet apparently thereafter eclipsed her predecessor as the "Eye of Ra."

WadjꞋet then went on to become the cobra-protector of HōrꞋus—the "Eye of HōrꞋus."

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[Updated: 2017.03.17]

Egyptian Anim­ism & An­thro­po­mor­phismGod of the moon  (lunar) calendar; assimilated into Tut and Osiris.

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Pay it forward (Quote & Cite):

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