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Updated: 2021.07.15

הִלֵּל הַזָּקֵן הַבָּבְלִי

masc . n.Hi•leil  Sr., "the Babylonian" (born during the 4th Zūg, c. BCE 65, in Bâ•vël – died 10 CE in Yᵊru•shâ•layim)

Hi•leil migrated as an impoverished young anti-Hellenist Pᵊrush•i to Yᵊhūdâh during the 4th generation of the Zūgōt, which operated the Hellenist Sanhedrin in the post-BCE 175 Hellenized era—under the Hellenist Tzᵊdōq•im "priests" of the Hellenized "Temple"; themselves under the rule of the Hellenist Seleucid Sātrap (and later Hellenist Romans).

Hi•leil studied his way to become the anti-Hellenist Pᵊrush•i Av Beit Din—serving as deputy to the anti-Hellenist קַנָּאִי Ōs•in Tzᵊdōq•im Sha•mai Sr., who began the last Zūg as Nâ•si.

Demonstrating his superior skills in legal logic, translating the legal thinking that he had learned from the previous (4th generation) Zūg into contemporary law, Hi•leil won overwhelming support in the Sanhedrin to be appointed, c. BCE 28, the first anti-Hellenist Pᵊrush•i Nâ•si, breaking the monopolistic grip of the anti-Hellenist קַנָּאִי Ōs•in Tzᵊdōq•im to assert anti-Hellenist Pᵊrush•i control of the Sanhedrin for the first time—ending the קַנָּאִי Ōs•in Tzᵊdōq•im-Sha•mai Sr. Zūgōt control of the Sanhedrin.

Birth/DeathTenure As Nâ•siName
b. BCE 50 – d. 15 CEBCE ?? – BCE 28 CESha•mai Sr., began as the Anti-Hellenist קַנָּאִי Ōs•in Tzᵊdōq•im Nâ•si in the Anti-Hellenist קַנָּאִי Ōs•in Tzᵊdōq•im Sanhedrin of the Last Zūg;
After losing control of the Sanhedrin in BCE 28, he began as the first Anti-Hellenist קַנָּאִי Ōs•in Tzᵊdōq•im Av Beit Din (Deputy Justice) in Anti-Hellenist Pᵊrush•i Sanhedrin
b. c. BCE 65 - d. c. 10 C.E. BCE 28   &  & –10 CEHi•leil Sr., "the Babylonian"; began as the Anti-Hellenist Pᵊrush•i Av Beit Din (Deputy Justice) in the Anti-Hellenist קַנָּאִי Ōs•in Tzᵊdōq•im Sanhedrin of the Last Zūg;
He won control of the Sanhedrin c BCE 28, becoming the 1st Anti-Hellenist Pᵊrush•i Nâ•si.
b. c. BCE 34 - d. c. 41 CE;c. 10 CE – c 12 CE CEShi•mᵊōn Bën-Hi•leil;
1st generation (of 6) of Tan•â•im (Mi•shᵊn•âh)
b. c. BCE 25 – d. c. 50 CEc. 12 CE – 50 CERab•ân Ga•mᵊl•i•eil Sr. Bën-Shi•mᵊōn (Bën-Hi•leil)
b. c. BCE 10 – d. 70 CEc. 50 CE – 70 CEShi•mᵊōn Bën-Ga•mᵊl•i•eil Sr.
b. c. 06 CE – d. c. 80 CE c. 70 CE – c. 80 CERab•ãnꞋ Yō•khãn•ãnꞋ Bën-Za•kaiꞋ;
1st generation (of 6) of Tan•â•im (Mi•shᵊn•âh)
b. c. 45 CE – d. c. 115 CEc. 80 CE – c. 115 CERab•ân Ga•mᵊl•i•eil Jr. dᵊYavᵊn•ëh Bën-Shi•mᵊōn (Bën-Ga•mᵊl•i•eil Sr.); decreed c. 80 CE: "Wherever Beit Sha•mai conflicts with Beit Hi•leil is not Mi•shᵊn•âh" (Ma•sëkët Bᵊrâkh•ōt 36b; Ma•sëkët Beitz•âh 11b; Ma•sëkët Yᵊvâm•ōt 9a) — and whoever acts contrary to the views of Beit Hi•leil deserves death. ( Ta•lᵊmūd Yᵊrū•sha•lᵊm•i Ma•sëkët Bᵊrâkh•ōt 1.7, 3b; et al.)!
2nd generation (of 6) of Tan•â•im (Mi•shᵊn•âh)
115 CE – 135 CE – c. 142
b. c. 114 CE – d. c. 90c. 142 CE – 165 CERab•ân Shi•mᵊōn Bën-Ga•mᵊl•i•eil Jr.;
3rd generation (of 6) of Tan•â•im (Mi•shᵊn•âh)
b. c. 145 CE – d. c. 217 CEc. 165 CE — 220 CERabi Yᵊhūdâh ha-Nâ•si Ben-Shi•mᵊōn (Bën-Ga•mᵊl•i•eil Jr.),
5th generation (of 6) of Tan•â•im (Mi•shᵊn•âh), editor of the Mi•shᵊn•âh in 189 CE

c. BCE 28: Post-Zūgōt

  1. Hellenist Tzᵊdōq•im "Priests" In The Hellenized "Temple" of Herod the Ë•dōm•i (A•mâ•leiq) Continue To Administer "Hellenized Priestly" Roman Rule
  2. Anti-Hellenist Pᵊrush•i Control Sanhedrin For First Time
  3. Without Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh & Headed For Extinction, Anti-Hellenist קַנָּאִי Ōs•in Tzᵊdōq•im Radicalize q0715 to קַנָּאִים-Sicarii 

Hi•leil served as Nâ•si for the rest of his life (died 10 C.E.—when Yᵊho•shūa Bën-Yō•seiph  Bën-Dâ•wid was ≈17.

Born BCE 0007.05.29, Yᵊhō•shūa's Bar-Mi•tzᵊwâh was in 6 CE (13 = -7 to +6)—4 years before the death of Hi•leil Sr. "the Babylonian". Thus, the account of his Bar-Mi•tzᵊwâh in Yᵊru•shâ•layim (Λουκαν-כֵּיפָא‎ 24.1-52) takes place 5 years before the death of Hi•leil Sr. "the Babylonian". Ergo, it appears that he studied under Hi•leil Sr. "the Babylonian" for 4 years before studying under Rab•ân Ga•mᵊl•i•eil Sr.) He was granted sᵊmikh•âh (by one or both) as Ribi (as distinct from the inferior sᵊmikh•âh of "rabbi" for immigrant "rabbis").

Having spent an unspecified part of his childhood in Egypt,

While the yō•khas•in documented that Ribi Yᵊho•shūa, was an heir, both paternally and maternally, to Beit-Dâ•wid ha-Mëlëkh, no yō•khas•in survived of Hi•leil Sr. and his sons, who were reportedly only maternally descended from the Royal Beit-Dâ•wid!

Because of his rabbinic credentials from both Hi•leil Sr. "the Babylonian" and Rab•ân Ga•mᵊl•i•eil Sr., as well as his yō•khas•in proof that he was of Beit-Dâ•wid, he became the prime target of both the Hellenist Roman occupiers and their Hellenist Tzᵊdōq•im poser-"Priest" sycophants in the defiled "Temple".

Hi•leil Sr. was the Minority Pᵊrush•i Complement who, paired with the Majority Tzᵊdoq•i Sha•mai Sr. Complement, comprised "The Last Zūg" (succeeded by the Tan•â•im (Mi•shᵊn•âh).

Additionally, Hi•leil Sr. was also the grandfather of Rab•ân Ga•mᵊl•i•eil Sr.—who came to the aid of the Nᵊtzōr•im when they were being persecuted by the Tzᵊdōq•im.

Since Ribi Yᵊho•shua's family trip to Yᵊru•shō•layim in celebration of his Bar-Mi•tzᵊwōh (turning 13) occurred in 0006 C.E. (which was also probably the first year after "the child grew-up" and the family had returned from Egypt). That means that when he missed his caravan back home to Nâ•tzᵊr•at with his parents because he was studying in the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdōsh, he was studying under Hi•leil Sr. "the Babylonian"!!! Moreover, his intellectual maturity at his Bar-Mi•tzᵊwōh suggests that he had previously studied while in Egypt—and that (thanks to the gifts from the Persian astrologers), since in those days young boys apprenticed early as a ta•lᵊmid, Ribi Yᵊho•shua was probably educated at the greatest university for its time in all of world history: The Great Musaeum of Alexandria.

Kâ•rikh Hileil Sr, Babylonian

The first extant recorded name associated with the bread-meat-dip-greens combo is the kâ•rikh of Hi•leil Sr. "the Babylonian"! (born c. BCE 70 in Bâ•vël, died 10 CE in Yᵊru•shō•layim). A priori, he referred to lëkhëm Bâ•vᵊl•i, today called "Iraqi pita". more

Several centuries after:

the Nasi proves that the practice of eating grilled, broiled or flame-roasted, non-sacrifice, yearling goat-kid or yearling lamb at the Pesakh Seider throughout Israel in the commemorative family Seider. Cattle was also sacrificed in temple but we haven't stopped eating cattle—or lamb or goat. Hence, destruction of the Beit haMiqdash justifies only skipping the sacrifice, not skipping the eating of lamb or goat at Pesakh entirely, entirely corrupting Hileil's practice until today wherever there are 2 Jews there are at least 3-4 interpetations of the 2nd dipping.

The name, Hi•leil, derived from the root הַלֵּל, which is also the root of הַלְלוּיָה, הִלּוּלָה and תְּהִלִּים.

Recognized as "the greatest of the sages of the Beit ha-Mi•qᵊdâsh ha-Shein•i period", Hi•leil was the founder of the tolerant, Beit Hi•leil Pᵊrūsh•im school of interpreting Ha•lâkh•âh—in contrast to the strict, exclusivist-elite, fence-building Pᵊrush•im school founded by Sham•ai.

"Many of the halakhot and tannaitic controversies dating from the generation of Jabneh (c. 70 c.e.) are probably, and a large number are explicitly, based on the views of Bet Hillel which were adopted as the halakhah in opposition to those of Bet Shammai" [https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bet-hillel-and-bet-shammai]

  1. Methodology: Perushi Hileil big-picture semiotic logic applied to principles of jurisprudence versus Syria-Hellenist "Temple" Tzedoqi Shamai mechanical keyhole literalness, having more in common with the Beit ha-Miqdash Osin of the DSS. [still https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bet-hillel-and-bet-shammai]

  2. Fences: Perushi Hileil minimalists, Tzedoqi Shamai maximalists

  3. Interpretation: Perushi Hileil logic of principles, Tzedoqi Shamai unquestioning literalism

  4. Philosophical Orientation: Hileil sees best in humankind, Tzedoqi Shamai sees worst in humankind


Hi•leil was the principle leader of the Pᵊrush•im contingent in the Beit-Din ha-

Jâ•dōl, which, until c. 30 C.E., was controlled by the Hellenist pseudo-Tzᵊdōq•im—who had, while they retained control, found common ground in bolstering the self-shackling Beit Sha•mai. Thus, during the tenure of the Hellenist pseudo-Tzᵊdōq•im in Roman-occupied Yᵊhūdâh, the stricter views of Sham•ai prevailed (though only within the Pᵊrush•im community of Jews; clearly not among the Hellenist pseudo-Tzᵊdōq•im Jews).

By the time of the destruction in 70 C.E., however, the more intelligent and logical views of Beit Hi•leil regarding “big tent” protectiveness of original principles toward adverse opinions, had prevailed for 4 decades and thereafter.

Changes in the world environment have repeatedly proven terminal to large segments, or even entire species, of populations that lack some previously unappreciated DNA. Like undefined rare DNA, the same holds true for diverse opinions, which may not seem correct or acceptable presently, but ultimately could prove correct in future; providing the sole—previously uncomprehended and unappreciated—explanation that averts extinction of entire belief systems. Advances in world knowledge dooms religions dependent upon a divine-son prophet, a prophet riding a Pegasus from Mecca to Yᵊru•shâ•layim overnight or Bronze Age (much less Dark Age) premises. Ex falso quodlibet. הָעוֹלָם הִשְׁתַּנָּה (mundus mutatus).

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